Recently in bibliography Category

Critical Concerns in Blindness Book Series

The Institute on Blindness has established a "Critical Concerns in Blindness" book series to provide in-depth knowledge to the field of education and rehabilitation of individuals who are blind or visually impaired. These writings are based on the knowledge and experiences of successful persons who are blind. The Institute currently has another three books in the series which are either in press, or under development. Download the .pdf Order Form from Information Age Publishing or click on the links below to order directly from the website.

Series Editor: Edward Bell, PhD
Series Publisher: Information Age Publishing, Inc

Independent Movement and Travel in Blind Children: A Promotion Model 

Cutter, Joseph. Independent Movement and Travel in Blind Children: A Promotion Model. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc, 2007.

Unlike many books and articles on orientation and mobility (O&M) for blind children, this one is not about the effect of blindness on movement. Such an inquiry is self defeating from the start, as it often begins with misconceptions and deficit-thinking about blindness and the blind child's early motor development. Instead, this book is about the effect of movement on development and the importance of movement experiences for the development of independent movement and travel in blind children. It has a clear premise: blind children must become "active movers" if they are to become independent " travelers."

Click here to order Independent Movement and Travel in Blind Children

The Blind Need Not Apply: A History of Overcoming Prejudice in the Orientation and Mobility Profession

Ferguson, Ronald. The Blind Need Not Apply: A History of Overcoming Prejudice in the Orientation and Mobility Profession. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc, 2007.


Click here to order The Blind Need Not Apply

Seeing Beyond Blindness

Kinash, Shelley. Seeing Beyond Blindness. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc, 2006.

This book is intended for four intersecting groups of readers. If you are a philosopher, closet or sanctioned, then you cannot ponder the nature of being without due consideration for vision, and cannot contemplate the role of seeing in our lives without listening to the stories of those who are blind. The tales within this text are particularly contemporaneous because they are contextualized by the cyber-phenomena of online learning. This segues to the second group of readers, as the described empirical research was originally intended to bring greater depth and breadth of understanding to the field of educational technology, particularly as it intersects with disability studies. There is a paucity of published literature that has inquired into disabled online learners, and this research study responds to that call. Third, this book may be used as a textbook on approaches to interpretive empirical research. It is as close as one may come to a recipe, walking students through a specific example. Because it is situated in actual empirical research, the intention was that it avoid the trap of being prescriptive or formulaic. Finally, the text is intended for readers interested in the field of blindness. The text reviews some of the seminal and contemporary research on blindness, and then presents an elaborated example of what we can and should expect to emerge in the knowledge production industry, changing what it means to be blind.

Click here to order Seeing Beyond Blindness

Making It Work: Educating the Blind/Visually Impaired Student in the Regular School

Castellano, Carol. Making It Work: Educating the Blind/Visually Impaired Student in the Regular School. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc, 2005.

Making It Work is destined to be the definitive guide for years to come on how to make the regular school education a successful experience for blind/visually impaired children. With chapters flowing logically and full of detailed, useful information, it will be an essential handbook for school staff, specialized service providers, and parents of blind/visually impaired children. This is an exquisite, enlightened guide for the education of blind/visually impaired children in the new millennium. ~ Joe Cutter, Early Childhood O&M Specialist

Click here to order Making it Work: Educating the Blind/Visually Impaired Student in the Regular School

Education and Rehabilitation for Empowerment

Vaughan, Edwin C, and James H Omvig. Education and Rehabilitation for Empowerment. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc, 2005.

In this book we are interested in patterns of education, rehabilitation service, socialization, and ideas about blindness that in large part produce the above-mentioned distinct patterns. We will examine the economic interests of professional groups and the patterns of domination and subordination, which are present in most rehabilitation relationships. Our central tenet is that the behavior of blind people is not a product of the physical condition of blindness or the amount of residual vision a blind person has. Rather, the behavior of blind people in our society is governed by socialization. Blindness is a social problem arising from erroneous, socially constructed negative beliefs about the capacities of blind people involuntarily assimilated from the broader society by the blind. People learn to live independently or they learn to be dependent. The reactions of parents, teachers, peers, the health professionals, rehabilitation counselors and the general public have defined the choices available to blind people. This is the case in every culture and society around the world. Differences result from different cultural values, levels of economic development, and historical traditions.

Click here to order Education and Rehabilitation for Empowerment

The Blindness Revolution: Jernigan in His Own Words

Omvig, James H. The Blindness Revolution: Jernigan in His Own Words. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc, 2005.

This book recounts the dramatic story of the transformation of the Iowa Commission for the Blind from a verifiably ineffective service agency to perhaps the most outstanding and effective adult service program in the nation in the span of 10 short years. What happened in Iowa was revolutionary, and the character of work with the blind in America and around the world was altered forever-the alternative civil rights-based service model worked. Using Kenneth Jernigan's own writings of Board meeting minutes, reports, and letters, I present the details of the remarkable story from an activist's point of view.

Click here to order The Blindness Revolution: Jernigan in His Own Words

We Know Who We Are: A History of the Blind in Challenging Educational and Socially Constructed Policies

Ferguson, Ronald. We Know Who We Are: A History of the Blind in Challenging Educational and Socially Constructed Policies. A study in policy archaeology. San Francisco: Caddo Gap Press, 2001.

A goal in writing this book has been to write a history, from the perspective of the organized blind, of their struggle against discrimination as the result of educational and social policies created by professional sin the blindness field. Although there are a number of histories dealing with the education of the blind, these were primarily written by people who worked within the blindness system and/or were sympathetic to its interests. This book was an attempt to provide a different perspective in order to show the conflicts the organized blind encountered with the professional culture of the blindness system and their efforts to create educational policies for the blind instead of in conjunction with the blind (pp 196-197).

Freedom for the Blind: The Secret is Empowerment

Omvig, James H. Freedom for the Blind: The Secret is Empowerment. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press, 2002.

The author, James Omvig, brings together the best of rehabilitation practice with the wisdom and experience of countless blind people who, through their own lives, faced and overcame the social and economic barriers arising from myths and misunderstanding about blindness. His book speaks eloquently to the point that, the renaissance in rehabilitation of the blind is not the product of our technology nor of our science, but rather emerged out of the collective will of tens of thousands of blind people to live full, normal, productive lives. ~ Dr. Fredric K. Schroeder, Former Commissioner - Rehabilitation Services Administration - U.S. Department of Education, 2002, p.11

Download Freedom for the Blind in a .pdf format 
Download Freedom for the Blind in a .doc format

Title:Accessibility Using the Internet: E-Approaches to Destination Management - The Case of Sydney For All Visitor Accessibility in the Sydney CBD
Author:Darcy, Simon
Abstract:Understanding the broader issues of visitor accessibility is paramount to positive destination experiences and building capacity in the tourism industry. While economic, social and environmental sustainability have become mantras to understanding the triple bottom line of tourism, rarely has government policy or the tourism industry considered ageing and disability within the social construction of tourism environments. For these groups, collectively known as the accessible tourism market, the challenges associated with tourism access are compounded by the cultural context, fragmented approaches to wayfinding and a lack of collaboration by tourism attractions to promote accessible destination experiences. The paper demonstrates the e-tourism outcome of the research project that sought to collaboratively market accessible destination experiences within the Sydney CBD. Sydney for All ( is a Web portal brand developed by the industry partners of Tourism NSW, the Tourism and Transport Forum, NSW Dept of Environment and Climate Change. The research project was developed through participatory action research with the major stakeholders, tourism attractions and the destination experiences within the Sydney CBD. The Web portal complies with the highest web accessibility standards - W3C - as evidenced through the rigorous compliance testing by Vision Australia. The paper will outline the research approach, underlying philosophy, major accessibility features of the portal and the built-in consumer-based evaluation research module findings. As will be demonstrated, the portal is a starting point to understanding accessible tourism through focusing on universal design, destination experience and management frameworks rather than using constraints based approaches that dominate mainstream access auditing.


Disabled people worldwide

Disability affects 15-20% of every country's population: There are at least 650 million people with disabilities worldwide. [i] Conflict and poverty continue to cause high rates of disability in the less developed world. The incidence of disability is increasing in the industrialised world as populations age.

Every country calculates the number of disabled people in their country differently. Cultural differences, different disability definitions and different methods of data collection mean that in many cases estimates are significantly lower than ILO estimates. Many more people will benefit from workplace adjustments and adaptations to services than official figures suggest. Companies which take a disability confident approach will improve access for all their stakeholders.

Disability in Europe

  • The total number of the population with a long-standing health problem or a disability (LSHPD) in 25 European countries is estimated to account for more than 45 million citizens. [ii]
  • These European Union statistics only refer to the population that is 16 to 64 years old. [iii]
  • This means that one in six persons (15.7%) of the working age population (aged 16 to 64) has either a long-standing health problem or a disability. [iv]
  • One European in four declares having a member of their family affected by a disability. [v]
  • At 32.2% Finland has the highest percentage prevalence of long standing disability in the European Union.[vi]
  • The Netherlands has the third highest prevalence of disability in the European Union with 25.4% of their population. [vii]
  • 6.6% of the Italian population are disabled, one of the lowest figures in the European Union. [viii]
  • 5.8% of the Romanian population have a long term disability. [ix]
  • There are over 10 million disabled people in Russia. Approximately 700,000 of these are children and young adults up to the age of 18. [x]
  • The United Kingdom has the second highest prevalence of disability with 27.2% of the population having a long-standing health problem or disability. [xi]

Disability in Africa

  • It is estimated that in 2005 there were 1.6 million disabled people in Cameroon [xii]
  • The disabled population of Ethiopia accounts for 7.6% of the overall population. [xiii]
  • The 1989 Kenya Population Census estimated that 0.7% of the 21.4 million population were disabled. This is regarded as an underestimation. [xiv]
  • In Malawi, the 1983 Disability Survey revealed 190,000 people as disabled, which was 2.9% of the population. According to World Health Organisation estimates the figure in 2005 was closer to 1 million people with disability. [xv]
  • 10% of the population are estimated to be disabled in Mali. [xvi]
  • In 2005 there were approximately 190,000 disabled people, or 9.9% of the population, in Mozambique.[xvii]
  • 269,680 people of a total 7.8 million are estimated to be disabled in Rwanda. This amounts to 3.5% of the population. [xviii]
  • It is estimated that Tanzania has a disabled population of more than 3 million. [xix]
  • In Uganda, the disabled population in 1991 was 190,345. [xx]
  • A total number of about 2%, or 218,421, of the Zimbabwean population were estimated to be disabled in 1997. [xxi]

Disability in Asia

  • The disabled population of Afghanistan varies between 4 and 10% of the total. [xxii]
  • 2.4% of the Cambodian population are said to be disabled. [xxiii]
  • In India is estimated that 60 million people are disabled. [xxiv]
  • Indonesia is said to have a disabled population of 1% of the total. [xxv]
  • Of the 22 milion disabled people in Indonesia, less than 1% are employed [xxvi]
  • Indonesian law states that companies must allocate at least 1% of their workforce to disabled people. Failure to do so results in significant monetary fines. [xxvii]
  • In Lao 8% of the population are estimated to be disabled. [xxviii]
  • Approximately 7% of the total Pakistani population are disabled. [xxix]
  • In the Philippines the disabled population figure accounts for an estimated 1.23% of the population. [xxx]
  • In Nepal 7-10% of the population are disabled. [xxxi]

Disability in Australasia

  • Almost four million Australians or 20% of the population reported a disability in 2003. [xxxii]
  • In 1997 statistics showed that about 20% of the New Zealand population experiences a long-term condition or health problem. [xxxiii]
  • 44% of disabled adults in NewZealand are in employment in comparison to 74% of people without disabilities [xxxiv]

Disability in North America

  • In 2002 roughly 51.2 million or 18% of Americans stated they had some form of disability; for 32.5 million of them the disability was severe. [xxxv]
  • Canadian population estimates from 2001 stated that 3.9 million people were disabled. This represents approximately one in eight Canadians as having a disability.[xxxvi]

Disability in South America

  • In 1994 it was estimated that the disabled population in Guatemala was 59,841, or 0.72% of the total population. [xxxvii]

Worldwide Aging Populations

A graph that represents how populations are aging now and how they will age in 2010
  • 16.7% of the American population were aged 60 and over in 2005. This is projected to be 26.4% by 2050.[xxxviii]
  • In 2005, the percentage of Chinese people aged 60 and over was 10.9%. By 2050, this figure is expected to rise to 31.0% [xxxix]
  • 21.1% of the French population were aged 60 and over in 2005. This is thought to rise to 33.0% by 2050.[xl]
  • German people aged 60 and over accounted for 25.1% of the population in 2005. This is expected to rise to 35% by 2050. [xli]
  • Indian people aged 60 and over accounted for 7.9% of the population in 2005. This is expected to rise to 20.75 by 2050. [xlii]
  • In 2005, the percentage of Japanese people aged 60 and over was 26.3%. By 2050, this figure is expected to rise to 41.7%. [xliii]
  • Russian people aged 60 and over accounted for 17.1% of the population in 2005. This is expected to rise to 31.1% by 2005. [xliv]
  • In the UK, 21.2% of the population were aged 60 and over in 2005. This figure is predicted to be 29.4% in 2050. [xlv]


  1. [i] UN Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2007
  2. [ii] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis 2005
  3. [iii] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  4. [iv] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  5. [v] The European Research Group's, Eurobarometer 54.2/2001, Brussels May 2001
  6. [vi] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  7. [vii] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  8. [viii] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  9. [ix] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  10. [x] 'Inclusive Education in Russia: a status report', Denise Roza, Disability World, issue 26 December 2004/February 2005
  11. [xi] Eurostat research results (2003), cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  12. [xii] World Health Organisation estimate
  13. [xiii] Ethiopian Disability Survey estimate
  14. [xiv] Kenya Population Census 1989
  15. [xv] Malawi Disability Survey 1983 and World Health Organisation estimate
  16. [xvi] Malian federation of Disabled People (FEMAPH) estimation
  17. [xvii] Application of World Health Organisation estimate
  18. [xviii] World Health organisation estimate
  19. [xix] Estimate figure from World Health Organisation and International Labour Organisation 2005
  20. [xx] Ugandan National Housing and Population Census 1991
  21. [xxi] Zimbabwean Inter-Censal Demographic Survey (ICDS) 1997
  22. [xxii] In the of reliable data the 4% is from local surveys with the higher 10% being the World Health Organisation figure
  23. [xxiii] National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning
  24. [xxiv] Quoted from 'This minority is invisible' by Javed Abidi, June 2002.
  25. [xxv] Statistic Central Board
  26. [xxvi] Data from the Indonesian Disabled People's Association (PPCI), September 2006
  27. [xvii] Data from the Indonesian Disabled People's Association (PPCI), September 2006
  28. [xxviii] World Health Organisation
  29. [xxix] Statistics Division, Blue Area, Islamabad. Cited on the Biwako Millenium Framework website
  30. [xxx] National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons (NCWDP)
  31. [xxxi] 'The Disability Situation in Nepal', Meen Raj Panthi, Disability World issue 24, June/August 2004
  32. [xxxii] Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC), Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2003
  33. [xxxiii] Shelton, E.J. & Tucker, H. (2005) Tourism and Disability: Issues Beyond Access. Tourism Review International, Vol. 8 (3), pp. 211-219, cited in OSSATE Accessibility Market and Stakeholder Analysis2005
  34. [xxxiv] Statistics NZ data, quoted by EEO Trust
  35. [xxxv] US Census Bureau figures 2002 as part of US Census Press Release, 12/05/06.
  36. [xxxvi] Canadian Government population estimates released in 2001 quoted in 'Advancing the Inclusion of people with Disabilities', 2005.
  37. [xxxvii] National Population Census 1994 ,
  38. [xxxviii] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  39. [xxxix] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  40. [xl] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  41. [xli] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  42. [xlii] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  43. [xliii] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  44. [xliv] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006
  45. [xlv] United Nations population projection figures, Wall Street Journal, June 2006

From the Source E-Bulletin: Disability, Inclusion and Development


A selection of 25 resources recently added to the Source collection on Disability, Inclusion & Development.  

1. Deafblindness and Multi-sensory Impairment ( )


2. Cluster Munitions and Victim Assistance ( )


Selection of 25 resources


1. Disability and disasters : towards an inclusive approach KETT, Martha, TWIGG, John, Geneva, International Federation of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent (ICRC), 2007 ( )


2. Guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less resourced settings ARMSTRONG, William et al, Gemeva. World Health Organization, 2008 ( )


3. Shifting the paradigm in social service provision : making quality services accessible for people with disabilities in south east Europe CHIRIACESCU, Diana, Sarajevo, Handicap International, 2008 ( )


4. Young voices : young people's views of inclusive education LEWIS, Ingrid, Oslo, The Atlas Alliance, 2008 ( )


5. Making it work

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL, Takoma Park, Handicap International US, Website [Regularly updated] ( )


6. National leadership training for women with disabilities ASSOCIATION OF WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES, Kolkata, AWWD, 2008 ( )


7. Exclusion of disabled people from microcredit in Africa and Asia : a literature study CRAMM, J M FINKENFLUGEL, H, Bangalore, Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 19, No 2, 2008 ( )


8. A recent history of the disability rights movement in El Salvador HOTRA, Larissa, 2008 ( )


9. Development for all : a disability strategy for the Australian aid program 2009-2014 AUSAID, Canberra, AUSAID 2008 ( ) 


10. Make development inclusive : how to include the perspectives of persons with disabilities in the project cycle management guidelines of the EC | Concepts and guiding principles CHRISTIAN BLIND MISSION (CBM), Germany, 2008 ( )


11.Understanding the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilities : a handbook on the human rights of persons with disabilities SCHULZE, Marianne Lyon: Handicap International, September 2009 ( )


12. Disability and HIV & AIDS in Mozambique DISABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS, London, Disability and Development partners, 2008 ( )


13. Into the unknown : disabled people's experiences of public transport WEBSTER, Lee; SHAH, Sachin, London, Leonard Cheshire International, 2007 ( )


14. Children with disabilities in Rajshahi City : a situational analysis RAHMAN, Sadikur; KHANAM, Wahida; ISLAM, Zeenatul, Bangladesh, Foundation for Women and Child Assistance, 2008 ( )


15. Disability Monitor initiative Middle East Jordan, The Disability Monitor Initiative, Website [Regularly updated] ( )


16.  Human rights and disability : equal rights for all COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS, Strasbourg, Commissioner for Human Rights, 2008 ( )


17. IDRM : regional report of Europe

CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL REHABILITATION, Chicago, Center for International Rehabilitation, 2007 ( )


18. Global polio eradication initiative : annual report 2008 WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO), Geneva, WHO, 2009 ( )


19. Preventing HIV/AIDS among persons with disabilities : a handbook for policy makers, healthcare providers and care givers of people with disabilities IVOM, Damian O, [not published] ( )


20. Capacity building of disabled people's organisations in the South | The Scandinavian model ALBERT, Bill, Norwich, International Disability Equality Agency (IDEA), 2007 ( )


21. GPDD : global partnership for disability and development Washington D.C, GPDD, Website [Regularly updated] ( )


22. Visions on mainstreaming disability in development : strengths, weakenesses, opportunties, constraints HENDRICKS, Vera, Veenendaal, the Netherlands, Dark and Light Blind Care, 2009 ( )


23. Community based psychosocial services in humanitarian assistance | A facilitator's guide Version 2, AGNI, Kathy, et al, Lutherahjalpen/Church of Sweden, Norwegian Church Aid, and, Presbyterian Disasters Assistance, 2005 ( )


24. Household survey : a relevant tool for gathering information on disability?

BAKHSHI, Parul, TRANI, Jean-Francois, Essen, Netzwerk Menschen mit Behinderung in der Einen Welt, Journal for Disability and International Development, Volume 18, part 2, 2007 ( )


25. International agreement on the rights of disabled people : easyread version EASYREAD SERVICE, Newmarket, Inspired Services Publishing Ltd, 2007 ( )


For further information please contact:


Handicap International Source Staff

Email :

Tel :  00 44 (0) 870 7743737  00 44 (0) 870 7743737 Via Typetalk UK : 18001 0870 7743737


Online version ( )

To search the full collection of over 25,000 resources, please visit:





Resources from Various Countries


India: Disability Legislation


Persons with Disabilities Act 1995

National Policy for Disabled Persons

National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999

Bibliography from: A Methodology for Testing Accessible Accommodation Information Provision Formats, Darcy 2007:


  • AAA Tourism. (2006). Withdrawal of accessibility rating icons. Retrieved 8 August, 2006
  • Access For All Alliance (Hervey Bay) Inc. (2006). Survey Into the Barriers Confronted By Tourists With Disabilities - When Making Travel Arrangements, Finding Accommodation and Visiting Tourist Venues. Hervey Bay: Access For All Alliance (Hervey Bay) Inc.
  • Accor - Australia and the Pacific. (2006). Accor - Australia and the Pacific - Home. Retrieved 1 Sept, 2006, from &
  • ACROD. (1994). Building Access - AAA Accommodation Checklist. Canberra: ACROD.
  • ACROD (NSW Div Ltd). (1994). Accessing Sydney - A handbook for people with disabilities and those who have trouble getting around. Sydney: ACROD Ltd.
  • Albrecht, G. L., Seelman, K. D., & Bury, M. (Eds.). (2001). Handbook of Disability Studies. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.
  • Aslaksen, F., Bergh, S., Bringa, O. R., & Heggem, E. K. (1997). Universal Design: Planning and Design for All. Oslo: The Norwegian State Council on Disability.
  • Association of Consultants in Access Australia Inc. (2006). Homepage. Retrieved 1 Oct, 2006, from
  • Australian Automobile Association. (2005). Accommodation guide. Retrieved 10 August, 2005, from
  • Australian Building Codes Board. (1996). Building Code of Australia. Canberra: CCH Australia.
  • Australian Building Codes Board. (2001). Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) - Disability Standard on Access to Premises Directions Report. Canberra: Australian Building Codes Board.
  • Australian Building Codes Board. (2004a). Draft Access Code for Buildings (Press release). Canberra: Australian Building Codes Board.
  • Australian Building Codes Board. (2004b, August). Status of the draft Premises Standard. Retrieved 24 Dec, from
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2004). Disability Ageing and Carers Summary Of Findings, 2003 (Cat No. 4430.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  • Australian Council for Rehabilitation of Disabled (ACROD) Ltd. (1999). Room 206 - Accommodating travellers with disabilities. 4th. Retrieved 17 May, 2002, from
  • Australian Hotels Association. (1998). Catering for Guests with Disabilities: Survey of AHA Members. Canberra: AHA.
  • Australian Quadriplegic Association. (2002). Access Sydney: the Easy Guide to Easy Access (1st ed.). Sydney: Australian Quadriplegic Association.
  • Australian Tourism Data Warehouse. (2001). One Small Step - One Joint Leap: Intelligent tourism distribution. Retrieved 12 November, 2001, from
  • Australian Tourism Data Warehouse. (2006). About the Australian Tourism Data Warehouse. Retrieved 12 July, 2006, from
  • Bates, G. M. (2006). Environmental law in Australia (6th ed.). Chatswood, N.S.W.: LexisNexis.
  • Buhalis, D. (2005). Disability Tourism - OSSATE Links. Retrieved 18 Sept, 2005, from
  • Buhalis, D., Michopoulou, E., Michailidis, S., & Ambrose, I. (2006, 6-9 February). An eTourism Portal for the Disabled Tourism Market in Europe: The OSSATE Portal Design [One-Stop-Shop for Accessible Tourism. Paper presented at the Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education Incorporated 16th annual conference - To the City and Beyond, Melbourne.
  • Burnett, J. J., & Bender-Baker, H. (2001). Assessing the travel-related behaviors of the mobility-disabled consumer. Journal of Travel Research, 40(1), 4-11.
  • Cameron, B. (2000). Easy Access Australia (2nd ed.). Kew, Vic: Kew Publishing.
  • Center for Universal Design. (2003). Universal Design Principles. Retrieved 2 May, 2003, from
  • City of Melbourne. (2006). Accessing Melbourne. Melbourne: City of Melbourne.
  • Commonwealth Attorney General's Dept. (2004). Draft Disability Standards for Access to Premises (Buildings) 200X. Canberra: AGPS.
  • Commonwealth Department of Industry Tourism and Resources. (2003). Tourism White Paper -The Medium to Long-Term strategy for tourism. Canberra: Dept. of Industry, Tourism and Resources.
  • Commonwealth Department of Industry Tourism and Resources. (2004). Tourism White Paper Implementation Plan: achieving Platinum Australia. Canberra: Dept. of Industry, Tourism and Resources.
  • Commonwealth of Australia. (2002). Intergenerational Report 2002-03, Budget Paper No. 5. Canberra: AGPS.
  • Daniels, M. J., Drogin Rodgers, E. B., & Wiggins, B. P. (2005). "Travel Tales": an interpretive analysis of constraints and negotiations to pleasure travel as experienced by persons with physical disabilities. Tourism Management, 26(6), 919-930.
  • Darcy, S. (1998). Anxiety to Access: The tourism patterns and experiences of New South Wales people with a physical disability. Sydney: Tourism New South Wales.
  • CAUTHE 2007 Conference
  • Tourism: Past Achievements, Future Challenges
  • Darcy, S. (2000). Tourism Industry Supply Side Perceptions of Providing Goods and Services for People with Disabilities. Sydney: report to New South Wales Ageing and Disability Department.
  • Darcy, S. (2002a). Marginalised participation: Physical disability, high support needs and tourism. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 9(1), 61-72.
  • Darcy, S. (2002b, 16-18 May). People with disabilities and tourism in Australia: a human rights analysis. Paper presented at the Tourism and Well Being - 2nd Tourism Industry and Education Symposium, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
  • Darcy, S. (2003). The politics of disability and access: the Sydney 2000 Games experience. Disability & Society, 18(6), 737-757.
  • Darcy, S. (2004a). Disabling Journeys: the Social Relations of Tourism for People with Impairments in Australia - an analysis of government tourism authorities and accommodation sector practices and discourses. Unpublished Ph.D., University of Technology, Sydney, Sydney.
  • Darcy, S. (2004b). Practice Note: Harmony and Certainty? The Status of the Draft Access to Premises Standard. Annals of Leisure Research, 7(2), 158-167.
  • Darcy, S. (2006). Setting a Research Agenda for Accessible Tourism. Gold Coast: Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism.
  • Daruwalla, P. S., & Darcy, S. (2005). Personal and Societal Attitudes to Disability. Annals of Tourism Research, 32(3), 549-570.
  • Deafness Forum, & HMAA. (2005). Accommodation Industry Voluntary Code of Practice for the Provision of Facilities for the Deaf and Hearing Impaired Sydney: HMAA.
  • Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.). (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Dwyer, L. (2005). Trends underpinning global tourism in the coming decade. In W. Theobald (Ed.), Global Tourism (pp. 529-545). Burlington, MA: Butterworth Heinemann.
  • Dye, J. F., Schatz, I. M., Rosenberg, B. A., & Coleman, S. T. (2000). Constant comparison method: A kaleidoscope of data. The Qualitative Report, 4(1), 2.
  • Fleischer, A., & Pizam, A. (2002). Tourism constraints among Israeli seniors. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1), 106-123.
  • Fleischer, A., & Seiler, E. (2002). Determinants of vacation travel among Israeli seniors: theory and evidence. Applied Economics, 34(4), 421-430.
  • Fodor's. (1996). Fodor's Great American Vacations for Travelers with Disabilities (2nd ed.). New York: Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.
  • Fontanna, A., & Frey, J. H. (1994). Interviewing - the art of science. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 361-376). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Gething, L., Poynter, T., & Reynolds, F. (1994). Disability awareness package (2nd ed.). Sydney: University of Sydney Community Disability and Ageing Program.
  • Goldsmith, S. (1997). Designing for the disabled: the new paradigm. Boston: Architectural Press.
  • HarrisInteractive Market Research. (2003). Research among adults with disabilities - travel and hospitality. Chicago: Open Doors Organization.
  • Harvey, C. P., & Allard, M. J. (Eds.). (2005). Understanding and Managing Diversity: Readings, Cases And Exercises (International Edition). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Hilt, M. L., & Lipschultz, J. H. (2005). Mass media, an aging population, and the baby boomers. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.
  • Holmes-Siedle, J. (1996). Barrier-free design: a manual for building designers and managers. Oxford: Butterworth Architecture.
  • Horneman, L., Carter, R. W., Wei, S., & Ruys, H. (2002). Profiling the senior traveler: An Australian perspective. Journal of Travel Research, 41(1), 23.
  • Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. (2006). Disability Discrimination Act Complaints Cases Register and Decisions. Retrieved January, 2002, from
  • Innes, G. (2006, 21 January). Building access and no holiday for the disabled. The Daily Telegraph.
  • Israeli, A. (2002). A preliminary investigation of the importance of site accessibility factor for disabled tourists. Journal of Travel Research, 41(1), 101-104.
  • Mackay, H. (1997). Generations. Sydney: Pan Macmillan.
  • Market and Communication Research. (2002). People with Disabilities: a Market Research Report. Brisbane: Tourism Queensland - Special Interest Tourism Unit.
  • McDougall, L. (1998). Aging baby boomers and domestic travel in the 21st century. Communique Canada's Tourism Monthly -Canadian Tourism Commission, Ottawa, August, 3, 15.
  • McKercher, B., Packer, T., Yau, M. K., & Lam, P. (2003). Travel agents as facilitators or inhibitors of travel: perceptions of people with disabilities. Tourism Management, 24(4), 465-474.
  • Mirvac Hotels. (1998). Occupancy Review of Mirvac Properties. Sydney: Mirvac Hotels.
  • Moschis, G. P. (2000). The maturing marketplace: buying habits of baby boomers and their parents. Westport, Conn.: Quorum.
  • Muller, T. E., & Cleaver, M. (2000). Targeting the CANZUS baby boomer explorer and adventurer segments. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 6(2), 154-169.
  • Murray, M., & Sproats, J. (1990). The disabled traveller: Tourism and disability in Australia. Journal of Tourism Studies, 1(1), 9-14.
  • O'Neill, M., & Ali Knight, J. (2000, 2-5 February 2000). Accessing the Disability Tourism Dollar - Implications for Hotel Enterprises in Western Australia. Paper presented at the Peak performance in tourism and hospitality research, Mt Buller, Victoria, Australia.
  • Olympic Co-ordination Authority. (1999). Access Guidelines (3rd ed.). Sydney: Olympic Co-ordination Authority.
  • Packer, T., & Carter, M. (2005). Out of the Blue! Valuing the disability market in tourism: Report of the 5th National Nican Conference, Perth, 20-22 September 2004. Perth: Centre for Research into Disability and Society, Curtin University of Technology.
  • Packer, T., Small, J., & Darcy, S. (2006). Grant Application - a scoping study to understand the tourism experiences of people with vision impairments (successful). Gold Coast: Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Council.
  • Preiser, W. F. E., & Ostroff, E. (2001). Universal Design Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Pyo, S., Uysal, M., & Chang, H. (2002). Knowledge Discovery in Database for Tourist Destinations. Journal of Travel Research, 40(4), 396-403.
  • Queensland Office of Ageing. (1998). Not over the hill - Just enjoying the view: A close-up look at the seniors market for tourism in Australia. Brisbane: Seniors Card Tourism Scheme - Office of Ageing, Department of Families, Youth and Community Care.
  • Rains, S. (2004). Universal Design and the International Travel & Hospitality Industry. Paper presented at the Designing for the 21st Century III, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil : 7th - 12th December, 2004.
  • Ruys, H., & Wei, S. (1998). Accommodation needs of mature Australian travellers. Australian Journal of Hospitality Management, 5(1), 51-59.
  • Sharma, P., Carson, D., & DeLacy, T. (2000a). Developing a Business Information Data Warehouse for the Australian Tourism Industry: A Strategic Response. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism, 147-156.
  • Sharma, P., Carson, D., & DeLacy, T. (2000b). National Online Tourism Policy Initiatives for Australia. Journal of Travel Research, 39(2), 157-162.
  • Shaw, G., & Coles, T. (2004). Disability, holiday making and the tourism industry in the UK: a preliminary survey. Tourism Management, 25(3), 397-403.
  • Shelton, E. J., & Tucker, H. (2005). Tourism and disability: issues beyond access. Tourism Review International, 8(3), 211-219.
  • Standards Australia. (1992a). AS 1428.2 - Design for access and mobility - Enhanced and additional requirements - Buildings and facilities ([Rev. ] ed.). North Sydney, NSW: Standards Australia.
  • Standards Australia. (1992b). AS 1428.3 Design for access and mobility - Requirements for children and adolescents with physical disabilities North Sydney, NSW: Standards Australia.
  • Standards Australia. (1993). AS 1428.1 - 1993 Design for access and mobility. General requirements for access - buildings. (2nd ed.). Homebush, NSW: Standards Australia.
  • Standards Australia. (2001). AS 1428.1 Design for access and mobility - General requirements for access - New building work. Homebush, NSW: Standards Australia.
  • Standards Australia. (2002). AS/NZS 1428.4 - Design for access and mobility - Tactile indicators North Sydney, NSW: Standards Australia.
  • Stein, P. L., & Farrier, D. (2006). The environmental law handbook: planning and land use in NSW (4th ed.). Sydney: UNSW Press.
  • Steinfeld, E., & Shea, S. M. (2001). Fair Housing: Toward Universal Design in MultiFamily Housing. In W. F. E. Preiser & E. Ostroff (Eds.), Universal Design Handbook (pp. 35.31-35.13). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Stumbo, N. J., & Pegg, S. (2005). Travelers and tourists with disabilities: a matter of priorities and loyalties. Tourism Review International, 8(3), 195-209.
  • Tourism Australia. (2005). Markets - Australian experiences - niche experiences. Retrieved 20 May, 2005, from
  • Tourism Forecasting Committee. (2005). April 2005 Forecasts The second release of the Tourism Forecasting Committee. Sydney: Tourism Research Australia.
  • Tourism New South Wales. (2005). Easy Access Markets. Retrieved 10 May, 2005, from
  • Tourism Queensland. (2005). Tourism Queensland's International Travel Planner Valid 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2007. Brisbane: Tourism Queensland.
  • Tregaskis, C. (2000). Interviewing Non-Disabled People about Their Disability-Related Attitudes: Seeking Methodologies. Disability & Society, 15(2), 343-353.
  • Tully, J. (2006). Accessible Tourism Update Working Party. Retrieved 1 September, 2006
  • Turco, D. M., Stumbo, N., & Garncarz, J. (1998). Tourism Constraints - People with Disabilities. Parks and Recreation Journal, 33(9), 78-84.
  • United Nations. (2001). Managing Sustainable Tourism Development. Geneva: United Nations.
  • United Nations. (2006). Draft Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Retrieved 10 October, 2006, from
  • Veal, A. J. (2005). Business Research Methods (2nd ed.). Sydney: Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Voyages Hotels and Resorts - Australia. (2006). Voyages Hotels and Resorts - Home. Retrieved 1 September, 2006, from
  • Walsh, C. J. (2004). Rio de Janeiro Declaration on Sustainable Social Development, Disability & Ageing. Paper presented at the Designing for the 21st Century III - an international conference on universal design, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil : 7th - 12th December, 2004.
  • Wilkins, A. L. (1983). The culture audit: A tool for understanding organizations. Organizational Dynamics, 24-38.
  • Yau, M. K.-s., McKercher, B., & Packer, T. L. (2004). Traveling with a disability: More than an Access Issue. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(4), 946-960.
  • Yin, R. K. (2002). Case Study Research, Design and Methods (3rd ed.). Newbury Park: Sage Publications.

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]