City of Helsinki Accesibility: SuRaKu - planning, constructing and maintaining

How can we plan, construct and maintain our streets, green areas and yards for accessibility? Practical guidelines were established in 2004 through cooperation involving the cities of Helsinki, Espoo, Joensuu, Tampere, Turku and Vantaa. Working instructions were completed under the leadership of the Helsinki for All Project with the support of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.

The guidelines form the basis for the City of Helsinki Accessibility Plan. They are also freely available for use by other municipalities, corporations and planners. The guidelines contain criteria for evaluating the accessibility of outdoor locations and instruction cards for applying them.

Criteria for accessibility and the instruction cards (SuRaKu)

SuRaKu Instruction Cards:

  • 1 Pedestrian crossings and pavements (pdf) (doc)
  • 2 Pedestrian streets and squares (pdf) (doc)
  • 3 Differences in elevation (pdf) (doc)
  • 4 Public courtyards (pdf) (doc)
  • 5 Park paths and resting places (pdf) (doc)
  • 6 Public playgrounds (pdf) (doc)
  • 7 Public bus stop areas (pdf) (doc)
  • 8 Temporary traffic arrangements (pdf) (doc)

SuRaKu Accessibility Criteria:

  • 1 Kerbstones at pedestrian crossings (pdf)
  • 2 Outdoor staircases (pdf)
  • 3 Ramps (pdf)
  • 4 Guidance paving flags (pdf)
  • 5 Demarcation strips (pdf)
  • 6 Loading islands (pdf)
  • 7 Gutters and gullies (pdf)
  • 8 Walking surfaces (pdf)
  • 9 Pedestrian crossing markings (pdf)
  • 10 Handrails (pdf)
  • 11 Railings (pdf)
  • 12 Pedestrian push-buttons posts (pdf)
  • 13 Pedestrian crossing signs (pdf)
  • 14 Seating (pdf)
  • 15 Bollards in pedestrian zones (pdf)
  • 16 Pedestrian refuge islands (pdf)
  • 17 Tactile maps and information signboards (pdf)
  • 18 Warning areas (pdf)
  • Criteriatabels 1-18 (doc)


Mapping and evaluation guide for accessibility of outdoor locations (pdf, 8.7 Mb), guide cover (pdf, 547 Kb). The illustrated guide explains about pedestrian accessibility. It is suitable both as a check list and as study material (in Finnish).

SuRaKu stands for planning, constructing and maintaining. In Finnish that is suunnitella, rakentaa and kunnostaa.

Recent Entries

The Updated United Nations Document on Inclusion in Tourism
2013 World Tourism Organization Accessible Tourism Update from Scott Rains…
UNWTO approves accessible tourism recommendations
 The UNWTO recommendations on "Accessible Tourism for All" (2013) have been approved and endorsed by the General Assembly. Updated from…
World Summit on Destinations for All
MontrĂ©al. 19 to 22 October 2014. World Summit on Destinations for All addressing the themes of Tourism, Culture and Transportation…
A Unique Samba School in Rio de Janeiro: Embaixadores de Alegria
More information:http://wearetheembaixadores.blogspot.com.br/…
The Co-chairs for the World Summit Destinations for All have been elected!
We are delighted to announce that Mr. AndrĂ© Vallerand and Mr. Ivor Ambrose, two of the most active and respected…
Disability is Not About a Given Physical Deficit
From the blog by Bill Peace, "Bad Cripple":"The comment left today prompted me to write. These two diatribes accusing me…
European Union - TRAN Commission Public Hearing on "Seasonality and Accessibility"
On 5th September in Brussels theTask Force for Tourism of the European Commission will meet on inciuon in tourism Ferrara, September 2nd, 2013…
Managing Emotion in Design Innovation' by Amitoj Singh
Managing Emotion in Design Innovation has been published by CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. This book presents an emotion centered research…