June 2012 Archives



Professional, reliable accessibility consulting: http://universaldesign.org

When you understand that everyone's "normal" is different, it changes the ways you design things. As health professionals, we understand needs and how people use things, particularly if they have less-than-perfect abilities. Our goal is to help you make things that are usable by as many people as possible.

From USA Today:

This item was written by Johanna Jainchill, who covers the travel industry for Travel Weekly. Jainchill is serving as Guest Editor of The Cruise Log while USA TODAY Cruise Editor Gene Sloan is away.

By Andy Newman
An advocate for travelers with disabilities said that the recent mishap between Carnival Cruise Lines and a passenger's dialysis machine is a lesson that travelers should always keep medical equipment on their person.

As several Florida news outlets reported this week, a South Florida family was escorted off a Carnival ship last Saturday after the cruise line was not able locate one of the family members' dialysis machine.

According to a report on Local10.com, Lillian Hensley, her disabled daughter, her son and son's wife were all supposed to be on a five-day Carnival cruise from Miami this week, but instead were asked to disembark before it departed because the daughter's dialysis equipment was not located.

Hensley's daughter requires nightly dialysis, the report said, and Hensley received clearance from Carnival to bring a portable dialysis machine on board. Hensley said she she checked the equipment with the rest of her luggage and boarded the ship.

Carnival said that Hensley had advised the line that she would be bringing medical supplies, but that she would hand-carry them onto the ship, "per Carnival's standard procedures in these cases.

Full article:

http://travel.usatoday.com/cruises/post/2012/05/carnival-destiny-missing-dialysis-machine/700715/1

Occasionally I need reminders like that sad old pun, "De Nile is more than a river in Egypt" or the unintentional irony of this photo:

Doorbell in the Shop.jpg

I need them because I (increasingly) run into images like this - which I am tempted to re-title as, "The Empire Strikes Back!"

The Moral Model.jpg

In English it says, "[The truly] 'Disabled' is the one who doesn't succeed in modifying their life, accepting the demands of others or of the society in which they live, without being conscious of being master of their own destiny."

The core truth claim seems to be that only by accepting complete responsibility for your own life are you in a position to adjust your life to meet the demands of your social environment. We're on fairly sound psychological ground here: "Know yourself. Take responsibility. Exercise resilience. Strive for excellence."

We can pass over the fact, to allow the argument some benefit of the doubt, that the claim ignores the physical environment -- while using photos of those with mobility impairments to make its point visually.

Even limited to the social level the implied "disability identity" subverts the message's superficial optimism. The message devolves to be only a repackaging of the Moral Model of Disability.

In Milan and again in Quito we reviewed the meaning and dynamic of "spoiled identity" and stigma. Fundamentally they are corporate (enculturated) strategies. The appropriately robust and sustainable response to a social assault on one's identity as disabled is not personal and private but corporate and public. The point of leverage is not radical "independence" but discerning "interdependence." It involves a political analysis - which in turn requires the very confident self-identity this poster seeks to inspire (sic.)

However, the formulation expressed in the poster above is simply one of accommodation to the external forces "the other" as individual or "the society in which [you] live."

Where are the concepts of equality of access, reciprocal rights, social justice, conscientização, solidarity, critical theory, or any political awareness whatever to be found in this poster?

Perhaps some answer to their absence lies in the name of the organization circulating the image -- Amor Supera Deficiências -- Love Overcomes Disabilities.

Stumbling block truisms such as in this poster in turn supply building blocks for the critique raised by "Crip Porn"/"Disability Inspiration Porn" writers.



Related Reading - Disability Inspiration Porn:

Not Your Inspiration

Crip With a Gun

Disability Terminology

Inspiration Porn

Positively Disabled

A Spank Bnk of Inspiration Porn


Occasionally I need reminders like that sad old pun, "De Nile is more than a river in Egypt" or the unintentional irony of this photo:

Doorbell in the Shop.jpg

I need them because then I (increasingly) run into images like this - which I am tempted to re-title as, "The Empire Strikes Back!"

The Moral Model.jpg

In English it says, ""[The truly] "Disabled" is the one who doesn't succeed in modifying their life, accepting the demands of others or of the society in which they live, without being conscious of being master of their own destiny."

The core truth claim seems to be that only by accepting complete responsibility for your own life you are in a position to adjust your life to meet the demands of your social environment. On fairly sound psychological ground here: "Know yourself. Take responsibility. Exercise resilience. Strive for excellence."

The implied "disability identity" is a path subverting the message's superficial optimism. The message devolves to be only a repackaging of the Moral Model of Disability.

In Milan and again in Quito we reviewed the meaning and dynamic of "spoiled identity" and stigma. Fundamentally they are corporate (enculturated) strategies. The appropriately robust and sustainable response to a social assault on one's identity as disabled is not personal and private but corporate and public. The point of leverage is not radical "independence" but discerning "interdependence." 

The formulation expressed in the poster is simply one of accommodation to the external forces "the other" as individual or "the society in which [you] live."

Amor Supera Deficiências - Love Overcomes Disabilities.

From Deborah Kendrick:


On May 18, Best Buy's Insignia line of products rolled out its new tabletop radio.  Capable of picking up any of the HD stations (about 4,000 of them now around the country) as well as standard AM and FM radio broadcasts, Best Buy's Narrator radio is sleek in appearance and crystal clear in sound. The proverbial icing on the cake is that, whether you can see well enough to make use of the visual display or not, you can operate all of the radio's primary features easily. 

Full story:

Da Bengala Legal por Izabel Maria Madeira de Loureiro Maior:


Ao falar sobre desenvolvimento sustentável, não consigo separar o componente humano do ambiental. O planeta poderia viver intocável sem os humanos? Não poderia! Sem nós o planeta estaria incompleto, pois somos parte do ambiente da Terra. Entretanto, há um aspecto que complica a equação da sobrevivência ambiental: o desenvolvimento irresponsável, desumano, desigual, injusto e predatório. São as corporações transnacionais que exigem o crescimento econômico desenfreado sem o desenvolvimento humano, resultante da inclusão social e a preservação ambiental. Surge uma pergunta inquietante: será que cada pessoa entende seu papel individual e importante no desenvolvimento sustentável? Podemos responder preocupados - não parece que saibam. A partir dessa dúvida, vamos nos ater ao segmento das pessoas com deficiência.

O mundo tem sete bilhões de moradores e poucos realmente conhecem o risco da associação ao incorreto conceito que o habitat é infinito. A grande parte ainda pensa que não é problema urgente conviver com o nosso hospedeiro, sem vivermos como parasitas sem juízo.

Uma parcela de 15% das pessoas que reside na Terra apresenta alguma limitação funcional, mas isso não precisa reduzir sua participação na vida do planeta. De acordo com as estatísticas de cerca de 80 países, um bilhão é o quantitativo de pessoas com deficiência (OMS/ONU, 2011). A maioria sobrevive na pobreza, com dupla vulnerabilidade, refém de discriminação, exclusão e da falta de oportunidades. São humanos empurrados para fora do desenvolvimento sustentável. 

Ler mais:

Making Universal Design in Tourism a Matter of Solidarity

Scott Rains srains@oco.net

 

We are here to forge some links of solidarity around disability. At historic moments like these we show the world what we have done and we state clearly what we intend to do in the future. The answer about the future from the side of the disability community is always this, "[Do] 

Wheelchair-swing.jpg

nothing about us without us."  I am going to suggest that our future together as a continent lies in a practice, invented by the disability community, called Universal Design. We are here to design a future.

Engineering is about making something but with special emphasis on the properties and relationships of the elements comprising that thing. That "thing" is most often valued for its usefulness.

Art is about communicating. The "usefulness" of art may simply be that it evokes a human response. Design engages in a process of mediating. The designer stands between what is practical and what is evocative in order to make real something that has been imagined. Art can be designed. Technology can be designed. It is the special job of the designer to ask, "For whom?"

In the next day and a half we will look at tremendous governmental achievements and stellar philanthropic accomplishments. Each project provides us with data that was previously unknown to us. Each sets up new opportunities. Each moves us ahead to the next question, "What next? How do we move beyond the basics of access to full social inclusion of people with disabilities? "

You see, inclusion is more than accessibility.

Accessibility was the rallying cry of a political movement springing from the civil rights era of the 1950's through the 1970's. When buildings literally had no wheelchair-accessible entrance then even a ramp to the back door past the garbage cans in the dark was an improvement. Political self-assertion by people with disabilities led to an awareness by the disability community of interdependence. The core value is still empowerment of the individual but the goal is to benefit ALL of society by finding solutions for the broadest number of people across the full spectrum of human abilities.

Inclusion is a social ethic reflecting a globalized, networked world where freedom of movement and the full participation of all is taken for granted -- and enshrined as a right.

Accessibility is passive - leaving the door open without obstacles in the way.

Inclusion is active - inviting you in to the human network beyond the newly barrier-free doorway.

Accessibility looks at meeting the needs of a specific, often underserved, slice of our citizens, clients, or  customers. Inclusion expands your entire market without alienating any section. It just makes good business sense.

Accessibility looks backward. It tries to hold the line at outmoded and artificial standards of  what is "normal." It generates half-ideas like  "adapted" sports or "adapted tourism." Accessibility degenerates into "mere compliance" with regulations. It can become an obsession with checklists.  It often categorizes people with disabilities as risks to be managed or minimized.

Inclusion looks forward. It sees the aging of the entire world population where, for the first time in history , old people outnumber the young. Inclusion recognizes that diversity in human capacities is the norm in the general population - and is inevitable in one's own lifecycle.

Society has traditionally designated people with disabilities to sit on its edges and observe. However, people with disabilities have found their power, spoken up, and so transformed the process by which we intentionally change things. They have changed design.

 

The tool for changing how we make change is Universal Design or, to expose its secret even more clearly with its other names "Design for All," "Lifespan Design," or "Inclusive Design."

One short definition has it as:

Universal Design is a process that enables and empowers a diverse population by improving performance, health, and social participation.

~ From Chapter1: Barriers and the Social Meaning in Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments p. 29


I propose that we have moved beyond the stage where mere accessibility is sufficient. We need social sustainability of the values of inclusion and interdependence. The projects we will discuss here move us firmly through the first of three stages of progress:

 

There is a typical trajectory in architecture as societies develop more advanced perspectives on disability. The first stage is the architecture of exclusion, usually by neglect. The second is one of dependence through development of a legal framework and physical environment that eliminates discrimination and removes barriers to independence. We are now moving toward a new stage in many societies: the architecture of social participation, with the goal of equality in opportunity through universal design.

 

~ From Chapter1: Barriers and the Social Meaning in Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments p. 17

 

Human beings change things in ways no other animal does. We see patterns in the world around us and we recognize them. We invent new patterns and we impose them to make a new world.

The process we go through to intentionally change things is called design. Design requires a little bit of engineering, a little bit of art, and a lot of imagination.

At some moments designing is intensely solitary. At other moments it can hardly be distinguished from play. Disneyland, which likes to think of itself as the world's playground, made up its own word to capture this seriously playful process -- "Imagineering."  With the word they are trying to signal the atmosphere they want - an atmosphere of delight. A magic place where all are included through design.

You pass into the Magic Kingdom - Disneyland - and you are comfortable. You feel included. In some unexpected way you are home. What you experience makes you surprised and delighted. You are a temporary citizen of a space and a culture that is ... one of the most stable and profitable enterprises in the world? Wait! A company that sells the temporary experience of participation as a citizen makes a profit and even grows?

There is a secret here to be discovered. Disney wants to design the experience of surprising a customer by meeting, then surpassing, their expectations. That is delight and it is the secret to winning loyalty and its profits.

What Disney shows us is something we call Destination Management or Destination Development in tourism. We take a destination and identify the experience it offers. Then we design it around the customers we desire.

Let's watch a humorous video about an actual travel experience where all passengers did not receive the same level of care. When I showed this at a conference in Italy two weeks ago the disabled people in the audience commented, "This is how I feel I'm treated when I travel."


<iframe width="560" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/5YGc4zOqozo" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

[Play Video: United Breaks Guitars]

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5YGc4zOqozo

he history of inclusive tourism is rather recent. Laurel Van Horn and Jose Isola attempted the first documentation of it in the article, "Toward a Global History of Inclusive Tourism." (http://www.docstoc.com/docs/87729486/Toward-a-Global-History-of-Inclusive-Travel)

Changes took place after World Wars I and II that were socially transformative. Improved medicine meant that ever-greater numbers of veterans, and later citizens in general, survived life-threatening events and lived with chronic conditions. Social services provided to veterans of World Wars I and II in the US included opportunities to travel such as Disabled Veterans Rest Camp in Minnesota. Slowly a critical mass of people with disabilities, in different generations and life circumstances began to travel regularly.

Between the two World Wars, charity organizations targeting specific disabilities began to organize summer camps (Pelka, 1997, pp. 240-41). For many children, including those affected by the polio epidemic, these provided a first experience of travel away from home. These facilities were segregated, although, ironically, that very segregation may have helped to foster a sense of disability identity or community so important to the later struggle for equal rights (Heumann, 2003).

Slowly, almost imperceptibly this group began to re-examine the world in light of their own experience. They looked at it and measured it against their own bodies.

To answer our first question of "What next?", we should think about how the creation of a place, a product, or even a policy might use the following seven guidelines of Universal Design. The guidelines address:

 

            Body fit 

            Comfort 

            Awareness 

            Understanding 

            Wellness  

            Social integration 

            Personalization 

Keep in mind the longer definition of Universal Design:

Universal Design is a framework for the design of places, things, information, communication and policy to be usable by the widest range of people operating in the widest range of situations without special or separate design. Most simply, Universal Design is human-centered design of everything with everyone in mind.

Universal Design imagines people with disability. It imagines them as users. It imagines them as customers. It imagines - and employs - them in all stages of the design process as experts on their own experience.

Here is an example of one extremely successful company that is built 100% around the concept of Universal Design. The company is called Smart Design. They sell their products under the brand OXO:

[Play Video: OXO

 (Time 2:05 minutes)

The guidelines listed earlier were well illustrated in the OXO video. Specifically these are known as the Seven Goals of Universal Design:

1.         The design is accommodating of a wide a range of body sizes and abilities - That's Body fit 

2.         The design keeps demands within desirable limits of body function and perception - That's Comfort

3.         The design ensures that critical information for use is easily perceived - That's Awareness

4.         The design makes methods of operation and use intuitive, clear and unambiguous - That's Understanding

5.         The design contributes to health promotion, avoidance of disease, and protection from hazards - That's Wellness

6.         The design treats all groups with dignity and respect - That's Social integration

7.         The design incorporates opportunities for choice and the expression of individual preferences - That's Personalization

But the core secret hidden in Universal Design is this: "Design for the extremes of human diversity." Not surprising that this would be the historic contribution of the disability community through Universal Design inventor and quadriplegic, Ron Mace.

[Play Video: Smart Design Objectified]

http://youtu.be/XdMpz_YQt74 (Time 2:29)

 

Ron Mace, an architect who was also quadriplegic, developed Universal Design. His idea became popular during a time of worldwide protests against architectural barriers by people with mobility impairments. Protesters promoted what we now refer to as accessible design.

Universal Design arose from the insight that accessible design was not enough. As urgent as simple, immediate accessibility was design for all was necessary.

"Universal design is a search for design strategies that bring benefits for all." It is an accident of history that people with disabilities invented and spread insistence that design create for all, even marginalized, people.

"Universal Design, at its most elemental level, seeks to make our built environment, products, and systems as enabling as possible; in other words, it seeks both to avoid creating barriers in the first place and, through intelligent use of resources, to provide as much facilitation as possible to reach human goals."

Engaging in the process of Universal Design helps identify barriers and understand the nature of the challenges to be overcome. If we want to understand why an idea so practical and powerful as Universal Design is not universally applied we need to look at the purpose served its opposite - design for exclusion.

 

Physical exclusion by design is what society does to criminals through prisons and for those who are ill through hospitals. Historically architects borrowed from prisons and hospitals to design special institutions to house people with disabilities. In all cases someone is being protected and someone isolated even when they are the same person "isolated for their own protection."

Western civilizations have historically used charitable institutions to care for people with disabilities. However, when people with disabilities are confined to institutions, they are rarely found in public spaces or living in residential neighborhoods; thus, it appears that it is unnecessary to provide accessibility to the community outside the institutions. Not only is the inmates' spoiled identity reinforced by the message that they cannot take care of themselves or participate productively in society, but the lack of accessible environments in the outside community also reinforces the belief.

 

~ From Chapter1: Barriers and the Social Meaning in Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments p. 17

 

The error perpetuates itself because those who are stigmatized are not imagined as users, citizens, neighbors, or customers.

 

What is a "spoiled identity?" Sociologists use the word "stigma" to mean the same thing. From a pragmatic perspective stigmas are socially created and thus can be eliminated. Universal Design is about becoming aware of the stigmas and strategizing ways to eliminate them. 

Erving Goffman, one of the most influential sociologists of the twentieth century, defined stigma as:

The phenomenon whereby an individual with an attribute is deeply discredited by his/her society [and] is rejected as a result of the attribute. Stigma is a process by which the reaction of others spoils normal identity. (Goffman, 1963).

Gerhard Falk, author of more than fifty scholarly works, wrote in Stigma: How We Treat Outsiders:

All societies will always stigmatize some conditions and some behaviors because doing so provides for group solidarity by delineating "outsiders" from "insiders" (Falk, 2001).

 

[Remember how I asked at the start how many people traveled with musical instruments? I asked the question twice. The second time I stigmatized musicians saying, "Even really odd and cranky ones like musicians." Fewer people raised their hands even after that tiny poisoning with stigma. ]

The book, Unraveling the Contexts of Stigma, by Catherine Campbell and Harriet Deacon summarize Goffman's ideas of stigma as universally including persons with these characteristics:

§                    Overt or External Deformities

§                    Deviations in Personal Behavior such a mental illness

§                    Tribal stigma such as race

They go on to suggest three main ways to challenge stigma:

 

  1. Educate individuals
  2. Legislate
  3. Mobilize the public

Each way suggests a primary actor:

1.       Non-stigmatized individuals becoming informed

2.       Government legislating

3.       Stigmatized and non-stigmatized individuals joining in public solidarity

There is a fourth actor: Business. Produce products that enable greater interaction between abled and disabled people.

Let non-stigmatizing products, like OXO, redefine societal and cultural attitudes toward PwDs. Find the need in the market and sustain yourself through profit.

 

We can take what we know in field like medical technology, assistive technology, even automobile and clothing design and apply that knowledge to  "Design for the extremes of human diversity." 

 

We know that we are one the right path when we look from the long perspective.

 

Many centuries ago Vitruvius wrote about architecture. Leonardo da Vinci summarized the Vitruvian Man with his famous sketch. Ron Mace invented Universal Design and inspired us to re-draw the sketch.

 

If we are going to take the tremendous knowledge that is locked away in various academic fields and shape it into places, things, information, communication and policy to be usable by the widest range of people operating in the widest range of situations without what we produce stigmatizing them we need to know much more abut what they want, what they do, even, what they look like.

 

Let's end with that. Let's end where we began. Imagine:

 


A Missed Opportunity in Australia

From Bill Forrester's article "Inclusive Tourism Ignored Once Again":

A beautiful new Ad from Tourism Australia but once again it ignores the current 11% of the tourism market made up by travellers with a disability.

no_access.jpg

It is becoming very apparent that inroads will only be made in Inclusive Tourism when we change the focus away from just ramps and bathrooms and concentrate on destinations and people with a disability as a customer group. 25% of the market by 2020 and it is still not on the radar.

The ad covered age ranges and cultural diversity but not disability. Even the press have only picked up that wine isn't allowed on that beach. Unfortunately nobody will notice the absence of a person with a disability but such a powerful message of inclusiveness would have been sent had there been one.

Until such time as destination marketers regard Inclusive Tourism as a viable market it will not be adopted into the mainstream tourism culture...

Full story:
http://travability.travel/blogs/tourism_australia.html

Reprinted from JTA:


Several important Jewish organizations are standing
behind a critical international treaty to support civil rights, dignity and
hope for people with disabilities. However, grass-roots help is urgently
needed to get it approved by the U.S. Senate before the political season
overtakes the ability to get things done in Washington.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is
under consideration by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. It is already
supported by the Association of Jewish Family & Children's Agencies, the
Jewish Council for Public Affairs, the National Council of Jewish Women, the
Rabbinical Assembly, The Jewish Federations of North America, the Union for
Reform Judaism and the Women's Rabbinic Network. But you can make a
difference by calling your senator at (202) 225-3121.

The convention realizes an international effort to achieve global goals of
economic self-sufficiency, equality of opportunity, full participation and
independent living for people with disabilities. These goals are enshrined
in our own Americans with Disabilities Act, a model for the convention. 
The
convention will enable Americans with disabilities working or traveling
abroad, such as veterans or members of military families with disabilities,
to access the same protections as they enjoy in America.

No new legislation will be required by U.S. ratification of the Convention
on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, nor does the convention impose
any new costs. In fact, as noted, much of the treaty is grounded in American
laws. However, American action is needed for international leadership in
this area.

America must move quickly to ratify the treaty, and we need to do our part.
The CRPD treaty was launched under President George W. Bush and sent to the
Senate by President Obama. Already there is some momentum created by the
announcement of bipartisan support of Senators Durbin, McCain, Barrasso,
Udall, Coons and Moran.

Ratifying the treaty during this Congress will enable the U.S. to
participate in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Committee, an advisory group that is a forum for idea sharing related to
disability policy. The committee represents a valuable opportunity for
continued American leadership and influence on this issue. Only those
countries that have ratified the convention can serve on the committee, and
American leadership in this arena is critical to the ultimate success of the
treaty.

The American disability rights community has united behind ratification of
the convention. It's time for us to say "hineni" -- here I am -- and stand
to ensure full participation and access for people with disabilities the
world over.

(Jennifer Laszlo Mizrahi, the parent of a child with special needs, is the
founder and president of Laszlo
Strategies.)

Source:

La accesibilidad sigue siendo una materia pendiente en la ciudad de Córdoba. De un relevamiento realizado en más de un centenar de nuevos edificios construidos en los barrios Nueva Córdoba y General Paz, sólo el 27 por ciento tiene ingresos accesibles.

Del resto, el 54 por ciento no posee rampas y en el 19 por ciento restante están mal hechas, con pendiente excesiva o construidas en material deslizante (ver galería de imágenes).


El relevamiento lo realizó la arquitecta Cecilia Bittar, especialista en accesibilidad.

"El primer punto es la falta de un ingreso a nivel o con rampa. Es obligatorio, según la ley nacional 24.314 más la ley provincial de adhesión y el Código de edificación de Córdoba, que establece que todo el espacio de uso público tiene que permitir el acceso", explicó Bittar.

Este diario acompañó a la arquitecta en una recorrida por Nueva Córdoba y General Paz y pudo observar que en gran parte de los edificios las rampas no existían, y en otros su uso significaba un riesgo mayor que los escalones.

"Los accesos tienen que ser a nivel, con rampa o con un medio mecánico. Y estos edificios, al no respetar el código, no deberían obtener el final de obra", subraya Bittar.

La arquitecta explicó que las obras se controlan en dos oportunidades: cuando está a la altura de capa aisladora y cuando se termina la estructura. Cuando termina la construcción, hay que ir al edificio y controlarlo completo, y allí se debería ver la accesibilidad.

Casi tan grave como la ausencia de rampas, son las que están mal construidas. La inclinación de la rampa debe ser de un máximo de 10 grados, deben estar hechas de material antideslizante y no poseer caídas libres a sus lados.

Bittar agregó que el acceso no sólo se logra con las rampas: La altura del portero debe permitir que alguien sentado lo alcance; el peso de la puerta debe permitir que se pueda abrir con poca fuerza, el tamaño del ascensor debe ser suficiente para la silla y la botonera debe ser alcanzable y en braille.

Vados es esquinas. La arquitecta Bittar subrayó que el Código de Edificación también obliga a construir las rampas en las esquinas, pero según su relevamiento, apenas en el 26 por ciento de los casos se logró correctamente. Del resto de las esquinas de General Paz y Nueva Córdoba con construcciones nuevas, una mitad no las posee y en el resto están mal resueltas; es decir, que tienen mal hechas las pendientes, no son antideslizantes o poseen rebordes en el asfalto.

Para Bittar, barrio General Paz tiene una oportunidad única para trabajar en la accesibilidad, ya que se está densificando y se está dotando de infraestructura. "La Municipalidad no debería permitir que se dejaran tapas de servicios en las esquinas. "Acá está todo listo para trabajar la accesibilidad. Si la Municipalidad controlara lo que va por debajo de la vereda (infraestructura) y si controlara a cada edificio nuevo, ya tendrías las rampas", subrayó.

Desconocimiento. "Hay un desconocimiento general de arquitectos, ingenieros, maestros mayores de obras y albañiles. Y a veces se cree que haciendo una rampa a 45 grados está el tema resuelto, cuando en realidad están produciendo más inconvenientes", opinó la arquitecta Marisa Vitabitale, miembro del Colegio de Arquitectos, especialista en accesibilidad. Dice que su mirada sobre el tema cambió cuando tiempo después de recibirse tuvo un accidente de tránsito, y lo empezó a vivir en carne propia.

"Por eso planteo esta temática en la Universidad, porque los colegas no tienen conceptos básicos como el de diseño universal, que garantice el acceso a todas las personas más allá de su condición física", destacó Vitabitale.

En ese sentido, aclara que la accesibilidad dota de seguridad no sólo a personas con movilidad reducida, sino a todos. 
"Por ejemplo, si alguien viene de viaje con valijas, los escalones son un obstáculo", detalló.

Finalmente, sostuvo que el Código de Edificación de Córdoba está muy atrasado, ya que habla por ejemplo de "rampas para discapacitados", lo que supone una discriminación ya que en realidad son para todos.



Fuente:

http://www.lavoz.com.ar/ciudadanos/3-cada-4-nuevos-edificios-no-tienen-ingresos-accesibles

Quires Volar? (Spanish)

Desde Silleros Viajer@s:


Aunque viajar me encanta, viajar en avión me da pereza, no lo puedo evitar.

Algunas de las preguntas y respuestas más comunes a la hora de viajar en avión si vas en silla de ruedas.

Llegando al avión

¿Tienes que avisar a la compañía o al aeropuerto que vas a viajar?

Una vez hecha la reserva se ha de llamar a la compañía para informar que viajamos en silla de ruedas.

Aena

 ofrece el servicio y lo q se necesite, es decir, si necesitas q te lleven las maletas, acompañen al lavabo etc, te ayudan: en el caso de que la persona quiera estar sola por el aeropuerto puede hacerlo, pero para pasar el control de seguridad es imprescindible ir con alguien del personal encargado de dar la asistencia.

El servicio de atención te lleva y te ayuda a lo que haga falta, coger maletas, ir hasta la salida, coger taxi etc....

¿Y Pasar por el detector...??

Me he encontrado diferentes formas de hacer el registro, pero la mayoria de veces te llevan un poco aparte y te sientas en una silla y se llevan la suya para pasarla por el scanner, un día la silla dio positivo en explosivos!!

¿Embarcando? ¿primero o último?

Pasando a la silla de transferencia

La mayoría de las compañías te embarcan el primero, pero me he enc ontrado con Ryanair que lo hace el último (pero q por varios motivos no pienso viajar más con ellos)

Normalmente te suelen poner en las filas de delante, de momento me han puesto siempre entre las siete primeras, pero si que te pueden poner donde les de la gana; aunque siempre en ventanilla (para en caso de incendia accidente etc..., no jodas a la gente que se pueda salvar)

¿Cómo entras y sales del avión?

En mi caso que no puedo caminar nada, tengo que hacer transferencia a una silla especial para poder pasar por los estrechos pasillos de los aviones y entre 2 personas te entran al avión.

El tema parece un poco complejo pero en realidad es fácil y rápido, sobretodo en mi caso que hago las transferencias solo en otros casos no lo sé la verdad.

En la salida hay que esperar hasta que salga todo el mundo.

¿Dónde va la silla?

Los mismos chicos de la asistencia son los que bajan la silla a la bodega (no está de más recordarles que no se olviden de entrarla e intentar en la medida de lo posible que no se la lleven con las maletas, a mi me ha pasado alguna vez que se la han querido llevar, hay que ponerse duro porque si no se puede romper con facilidad y adiós viaje.

¿Y.... el baño?

Eso es un poco más complicado, si tu puedes ir por tus propios medios al baño bien, sino no te van a ayudar una vez dentro, hay gente que con muletas se puede levanta e ir al baño, yo por ejemplo que no puedo, pues tengo mis trucos para viajes largos..., pero la verdad que lo del baño es una putada.

¿Y cuando no hay finger?

Si no hay finger vienen con una furgoneta especial que la plataformasube, hasta la altura de la puerta del avión y te llevan hasta la terminal, la verdad que es bastante más incomodo de esta manera!

Dentro del avión

Hemos leído los artículos de normativas de los pmr y hay un par de cosas que no entiendo mucho

"Según los convenios internacionales, la indemnización por pérdidas o daños a su equipaje personal (incluida la silla de ruedas), se calculará sobre la base del peso del objeto/s, no de su valor, salvo que se haga una declaración especial, a más tardar en el momento de facturar, y abone una tarifa suplementaria. Antes de viajar deberá asegurarse de que su seguro de viaje cubre su equipo de movilidad. Es posible que necesite una cobertura adicional."

Me gustaría enterarme más de este tema porque no sabía que podías hacer una declaración especial para la silla, nunca me han informado de esto en los mostradores pero vaya.... en otras palabras, que si te rompen o te pierden la silla y vale 4000 € te darán 50€ porque lógicamente una silla de ruedas es ligera y es imposible valorarla por su peso....

Son estas cosas las que me cabrean.... Por suerte nunca le ha pasado nada a mi silla.

He estado leyendo un poco y he encontrado las normativas de protocolos de AENA y DGAC para el transporte civil en España (que es transposición de derecho comunitario).

Escrito por Pablo. Podéis seguir sus rodadas en www.wheeltravels.org

UD on the Houzz Tour

Find some examples of good design in this article:


For general contractor Jeff Kann, universal design goes beyond outfitting the space for wheelchairs. It's about letting people participate in family and community life for much, much longer. Sound universal design avoids premature moves and creates sustainable and safer spaces, she says: "It's about making the living spaces easier and safer for all ages."

This remodel was conceived to create a comfortable and expanded living space on the first level of a two-story home in San Francisco's Sunset district, creating an option to avoid the use of stairs entirely as the clients grow older. In the meantime, the homeowners can use the renovated first level now as a guest suite for visiting family and friends. 

Houzz at a Glance
Who lives here: An active retired couple
Location: San Francisco
Size: 2,100 square feet
That's interesting: The house was part of a housing project completed from the early 1920s through 1950 using a production technique modeled on Ford assembly lines.

Rea more:

London Accessibility

Open Britain.jpg

Time Out Open London is a guide that helps visitors to meticulously plan their stay in London, from arrival to departure. It provides the most inclusive visitor experience possible, as well as planning for and enjoying the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Further coverage includes transport around London, including airports and Eurostar, details on accommodations, ranging from youth hostels to luxury hotels, and information on sightseeing, shopping, nightlife, and dining. The guide includes a directory of useful websites in addition to complete coverage of all the 2012 venues and is useful for travelers with mobility or accessibility issues. Complete with full transport details, divided by location, it also features a special section on the Thames River (its central section is one of the most accessible stretches in London).

The book was published this past spring, so you can be sure that the information is very up to date.

You can pick it up for just $14 on Amazon.

IMÁGENES

La UNT tiene el compromiso de aportar y generar herramientas que posibiliten la construcción de una sociedad más justa e igualitaria. Por ello, es fundamental concientizar a la comunidad universitaria sobre nuevos diseños en la arquitectura, que faciliten a las personas con capacidades diferentes, condiciones de seguridad, comodidad y autonomía. Convencidos de este ideal es que funciona desde 2011 un Gabinete de Diseño Universal (GDU) en la Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo de la UNT.

El GDU desarrolla con el Programa de Discapacidad e Inclusión Social (ProDis), jornadas sobre conceptualización, debate y experiencias vivenciales. "Se busca eliminar barreras y que los alumnos y docentes comprendan aspectos arquitectónicos que posibiliten la edificación de lugares accesibles para todos", indicó el decano de Arquitectura, Eduardo Coletti. El funcionario informó que junto con representantes del Consorcio de Decanos del Centro Herrera participan de un proyecto de accesibilidad en la ex Quinta Agronómica. Coletti adelantó que mediante un subsidio otorgado por la Secretaría de Políticas Universitarias de la Nación se plantea el funcionamiento de dos ascensores que comuniquen Arquitectura con su par de Ciencias Exactas.
 
Los objetivos de las jornadas, a realizarse este jueves a las 18 en el auditorio 2 de la FAU, es acercar a los estudiantes y profesionales a los conceptos esgrimidos por la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad, en lo referido al diseño de entornos, además de participar de talleres que impliquen transitar los espacios cotidianos de la unidad académica desde otra perspectiva.
 
El GDU, ubicado en el hall central -1er piso- de Arquitectura, funciona con la coordinación del ProDis y la articulación de organismos provinciales. Quienes deseen comunicarse pueden hacerlo al mail: gdu.fau.unt@gmail.com

Fuente:
 

Universal design homes: homes built or remodeled with comfort and convenience in mind--are inviting and safe for all, whether young or old, with or without mobility or ability challenges. They can be wonderfully adaptable places, enabling homeowners to remain in their homes and "age in place" as their needs change. In Universal Design for the Home: Great-Looking, Great-Living Design for All Ages, Abilities, and Circumstances (Quarry Books), author Wendy A. Jordan explains Universal Design and the many opportunities it offers for customizing spaces for the needs of homeowners.


"Sometimes an idea comes along that is so good we wonder how we ever did without it. .."


Full article:

http://www.parentgiving.com/elder-care/universal-design-homes/

From 21st Century Building Company:


Certified Aging in Place Specialist (CAPS) is the credential established by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) to address the market characterized by the needs and wants that develop from how people age.

Millions of Americans are living longer and more active lives. Embracing anticipated physical change and the subsequent deviation from current lifestyles, needs arise to revitalize the home environment.

The Certified Aging in Place remodeler has identified this burgeoning opportunity and has developed the skills and NAHB endorsement to equip the CAPS professional with the knowledge and tools to effectively provide services to the Aging-in-Place market.

Universal Design Certified Remodeler (UDCR) is the comparable credential established by the National Association of the Remodeling Industry (NARI) to address the same market demands.

The CAPS and UDCR certifications are effectively interchangeable. Contractors who have either, or especially both, of these designations strives to provide the products and services needed to offer a broad-spectrum solution to meet a wide range of consumer's needs and aesthetic preferences.

While no one can escape the effects of aging, everyone ages differently based on their genetic make-up, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Despite popular opinion to the contrary, the amount of Universal Design elements integrated into a plan is not an "all-or-nothing" proposition. An experienced, certified Aging-in-Place specialist will conduct an in-person "Needs Assessment" with all interested parties. Based on this information, a professional will make recommendations for the current situation and/or anticipated future circumstances as appropriate.

Regardless of the result of accident, illness, or aging, 21st Century Building Company believes that meeting the requirements of a particular household member involves the inclusion of customized accessibility features and/or assistive technology solutions.


Human Computer Interaction researcher Elke Folmer, based out of the University of Nevada, Reno, has developed an interior navigation system for people with little or no sight. Instead of relying on expensive sensing equipment or augmentations to the building in which the device is used, Navatar uses accelerometers, a low cost technology available in smartphones.

Indoor navigation is made more manageable by the infrastructure of the building. Users are limited by hallways and doors, and are less likely to veer as they would outdoors. Typically, to generate a precise layout of the area, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags are used. These devices combine an antenna and compass into a small package for use with other technologies. However, they are very expensive to implement. 

Navatar uses what's known as Dead Reckoning, a less precise but less expensive technology, in conjunction with a virtual rendering of the building being navigated, and the users' confirmation of the presence of tactile landmarks as they navigate. Using a virtual rendering created by such products as Google's Sketchup, a user can receive step by step navigation via their phones.

Check out this video of Navatar in use. For more information Folmer's website.


Source: http://www.universaldesign.com/2012-06-11-16-51-43/accessible-electronic-and-information-technology/1011-navatar-navigating-blind-users-in-indoor-spaces-using-tactile-landmarks.html

From Klaff's blog:

In many of the Connecticut and New York communities

 where Klaff's Home Design stores are located, there is a segment of the population that is growing more rapidly 

klaff's home design stores connecticut new york

than other segments of the population - it is the senior citizen segment. These seniors are becoming more and more interested in planning ahead to modify their homes to comfortably accommodate them as they age, enabling them to stay in homes they have enjoyed over the years.

The changes older homeowners are making to their homes

 are referred to as "aging-in-place home modifications". A few of the more popular kitchen home modifications are:

See full article:

From Scott Pruett in Universal Design Partners:


Sarah & I spent half the day on the road on Wednesday to meet with a friend who we're getting to help us create some visuals for the universal design concepts we use for consulting. Driving gives me time to think (kind of like showers do), and one of the ideas I couldn't shake from my mind was the design of our transportation infrastructure today.

If you've read our free eBook - Universal Design: Simplified - you'll recall an analogy that noted how it's possible to hop in a car and literally drive just about anywhere without concern. The systems of [public] roads here in America are pretty great. Most any car can get from point A to point B with ease.

Spend a day with someone who doesn't have a perfectly functional body and see what it's like to get around a city. I've used a wheelchair for 13+ years and regardless of how skilled I've gotten at using it, I still run into hazards everywhere. If hazards that affected the safety of cars on the road were as prevalent as those that affect the safety and ease-of-use of wheelchairs (or any other type of mobility support/device, really), there'd be an uproar by the millions of drivers out there.

Read the full article:

http://universaldesign.org/universal-design-transportation-infrastructure

From the Watauga Democrat:


N.C. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Al Delia has announced the release of the sixth edition of "ACCESS North Carolina," a publication that provides details on the accessibility of tourist sites across North Carolina. 

The latest edition, available in time for summer travelers, provides accessibility notes for hundreds of sites.

"It is encouraging to see that more and more site operators realize the value of providing access to our citizens with disabilities," Delia said. "From seashore aquariums to the Mile High Bridge at Grandfather Mountain, our state has a lot to offer, and we want all of our citizens to have the opportunity to enjoy it."

The sixth edition of "ACCESS North Carolina: A Vacation and Travel Guide for People with Disabilities" is available online and at visitor centers in some of the state's most visited cities. 

More:

Universal Design is in Style

From Good to Know:


The homeowner's wish list may vary in the custom market, but there are certain luxury amenities which boast universal crowd appeal.
With more than 35 years of experience building some of the most notable homes on Chicago's North Shore and beyond, Orren Pickell Designers & Builders have witnessed countless trends come and go through the years. While the pendulum swings with certain trends, "universal design" never goes out of style. Incorporating elements which can satisfy homeowners at all stages of life will always stay in vogue.
Some design elements with universal appeal include:
-- Dual Master Suites. National trends indicate that many retirees are opting to forego the home in traditional retirement states and stay where they raised their families. While some are remodeling their existing homes to reflect their changing lifestyle, others are starting anew and building custom homes.

More:

http://specialsections.suntimes.com/homes/builder/12993176-555/universal-design-never-goes-out-of-style.html

UD and Clothing

From AARP:


Jan Erickson began her career in the restaurant industry, but it was her volunteer work as a hospital caregiver that inspired a career that is her life calling. While working with her local church, Erickson met Jean Jauchen, who had become disabled after having several strokes. Erickson made Jauchen a special jacket -- one that would keep her warm but was attractive -- and best of all, easy to get on and off. The success of that jacket eventually led Erickson to launch her own company, Janska, making clothes that feature "universal design." Erickson explains what that means.

VideoL http://bcove.me/9c36tb5v

Air Travel

The site Reduced Mobility Rights review air travel rights in the article, "People with Reduced Mobility Travel Rights."



People with reduced mobility (PRM) travel rights vary considerably depending which airline one chooses, and which is the final destination of the flight.
 
While all IATA (International Air Transport Association) member airlines should comply with IATA resolution 700, (Acceptance and Carriage of Incapacited Passengers) European and Non European Air Carriers are subject to different regulations depending on the final destination of the flight.
 
The duties and rights of people with reduced mobility can be found in two separate regulations: U.S. Department of Transportation 14 CFR Part 382 (Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel) and EU Regulation 1107/2006 concerning the rights of disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air.

For the full article:

Online registration for the 20th annual Shared Adventures' Day on the Beach in Santa Cruz, California is now OPEN!!!
logo DotB 2012.pngYup, Saturday July 21, 2012 will mark the Twentieth Anniversary of this world famous beach part designed specifically for persons with disabilities and their family and friends! We hope you can join us for the festivities!

* Who: We expect up to 2000 people to attend this long running, world famous beach party and adventures activities extravaganza for persons with disabilities, and their caregivers/friends/loved ones. 400 volunteers show up th

* What: The world's biggest FREE beach party for persons with disabilities & their guests. 8000 sq foot wheelchair-accessible platform on the beach, several awesome live bands, kayaking/outrigger canoe/snorkeling/scuba/beach wheelchairs, FREE FOOD, sandcastles, entertainers, you name it, we're doing it, for the 20th consecutive year!!! 150 persons with disabilities get to participate in adventures sports in the Pacific.

* When: Saturday July 21, 2012, noon-5pm.

* Where: Santa Cruz, California, Cowell's Beach (next to the Santa Cruz wharf)

* Why: To celebrate LIFE! And to party on the beach with all our friends! And to try

If you have a disability, or if you know of someone who does, if you/they want to register for activities in the Ocean off Cowell's Beach, you MUST SIGN UP IMMEDIATELY! ACTIVITIES WILL FILL UP WITHIN A COUPLE OF DAYS THIS YEAR, so don't delay: register now! Activities include kayaking, outrigger canoeing, snorkeling, SCUBA diving, or beach wheelchair rides. (Max one activity per guest with a disability.) 

OR if you just want to come and hang out at the FREE BEACH PARTY, sign up online for the free party too, so we know you're coing.

OR if you can VOLUNTEER in any capacity, we need 300-400 volunteers to pull off the massive event! If you can volunteer, please sign up online to volunteer and we'll find you an awesomely fun volunteer task!

http://www.dayonthebeach.org/


Excerpt:


Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments


The contemporary model of disability explicitly recognizes that both the social and physical environment are factors in the disablement process (see, for example, World Health Organization 2001; Brandt and Pope 1997) and that the process is not a direct causal relationship but, rather, highly probabilistic, i.e. impairment may have different impacts depending on the person, the environment and the resources available. This model recognizes that the social and physical environment is an enabling context that has a great impact on the experience of disability and the process of rehabilitation. It also recognizes that the process of disablement is actually universal and highly variable. Environment, as in the case of any child who has no way of reaching a school, can create limitations on activity and participation, even without the presence of impairment. Furthermore, the impact on two people with the same impairment can be very different, depending on personal factors. For example, a family who can afford private transportation could bring their child to school if there was no accessible public transit, while a family without those means cannot.

Accessible design can be defined as design that does not discriminate against people with disabilities. Universal design, in contrast, is generally defined using the "Mace" definition, originating in the United States, as "the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design" (Mace 1985, Mullick & Steinfeld 1997, Ostroff 2001).


Source:

http://www.amazon.com/Universal-Design-Creating-Inclusive-Environments/dp/0470399139

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
Based in Madrid, the UNWTO is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. As the

destinations-for-all-2014.jpg

 leading international organization in the field of tourism, UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.

World Centre of Excellence for Destinations (CED)
The CED, a non-profit organization based in Montréal, is an innovative and powerful tool created in December 2006 with the assistance of the UNWTO, with which it is linked through a memorandum of understanding. This Memorandum commits both UNWTO and CED to work collaboratively on creating strategies and disseminating know-how and good practices, which help tourist destinations reach excellence.

European Network for Accessible Tourism (ENAT)
ENAT is a non-profit association for organizations that aim to be 'frontrunners' in the study, promotion and practice of accessible tourism. By leveraging the knowledge and experience of the network, our members are improving the accessibility of tourist information, transport, infrastructure, design and service for visitors with all kinds of access needs, providing models of excellence in accessible tourism for the whole of the tourism industry.

Tourisme et Handicaps (France)
The Association Tourisme et Handicaps is a non-profit organization. Its goals are to heighten professionals and public awareness of the problem of access to holidays for people with disabilities by different means: studies, training, expertise, exhibits, congress, publications, etc. This association promotes politics and programs facilitating access to holidays and, particularly, implements, promotes and manages the French national Label « Tourisme et Handicap ».

Fundación ONCE (Spain)
ONCE was created in 1938 to assist blind people in Spain. On the strength of its successful experience and its well-established structure, ONCE extended its responsibilities to all people with disabilities by creating the Fundación ONCE in 1988. The Foundation supports the integration of people with disabilities into the labour market, as well as universal accessibility. It manages a variety of programs that range from home-care services, job searching and training, to accessible taxis, and so on.

Access Tourism New Zealand
Access Tourism New Zealand is a well known forum and blog providing news and views about tourism, travel, and leisure that is accessible to people with disabilities, seniors, and Baby Boomers in New Zealand and Worldwide.

Society for Accessible Travel and Hospitality (SATH, USA)
The Society for Accessible Travel & Hospitality (SATH), founded in 1976, is an educational nonprofit membership organization whose mission is to raise awareness of the needs of all travelers with disabilities, remove physical and attitudinal barriers to free access and expand travel opportunities in the United States and abroad. Members include travel professionals, consumers with disabilities and other individuals and corporations who support our mission.

Transport Canada's Transportation Development Centre
Transportation Development Centre (TDC) is Transport Canada's centre of expertise for research and development. It manages a multimodal R&D program aimed at improving the safety, security, energy efficiency, and accessibility of the Canadian transportation system, while protecting the environment. Its mandate is especially to promote innovation in transportation.

The Ministère du Tourisme du Québec
The Ministère du Tourisme du Québec (MTO) has the mission of supporting tourism development and promotion in Québec by fostering concerted action and partnership among the various stakeholders. It pursues its mission with a perspective of job creation, economic prosperity and sustainable development. The MTO works closely with Kéroul for the development and promotion of Québec as a destination accessible to people with restricted physical abilities. Several MTO activities addressing tourists with disabilities reflect the orientations of the government policy, À part entière : pour un véritable exercice du droit à l'égalité (Full Citizenship: For a Genuine Exercise of the Right to Equality).

Kéroul, Tourism and culture for people with restricted physical ability 
Kéroul is a non-profit organization, founded in 1979. Its mission is to make tourism and culture accessible to people with limited physical ability. It evaluates the accessibility of tourist and cultural establishments and its accessibility classification is the only one recognized by Tourism Québec. Kéroul trains front-line employees of tourist establishments, using its Welcoming Ways training program, and develops and promotes The Accessible Road, a tool that persons with disabilities can use to plan a host of "accessible" trips and getaways across Québec. The Accessible Road was conferred the Ulysses Award for Innovation in Non-Governmental Organizations by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in 2011.


RIO+20 - Um Marco no Futuro da Acessibilidade no Brasil
Turismo Cultural Inclusivo no Contexto da Sustentabilidade
13 de junho 2012 - Arena da Barra
11.00hs às 15hs
Audiodescrição, LIBRAS, Legenda em Tempo Real
Tradução Simultânea para Inglês e Espanhol
 
DESCRIÇÃO DA LOGO DA RIO+20

A MARCA REPRESENTA OS 3 PILARES DO DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL

AMBIENTAL  - ECONÔMICO - SOCIAL

AS IMAGENS SÃO CONECTADAS NA FORMA DO GLOBO

Versão Acessível da Programação em Texto Abaixo no Final da Mensagem

 

 

RIO+20 - Um Marco no Futuro da Acessibilidade no Brasil
Turismo Cultural Inclusivo no Contexto da Sustentabilidade
13 de junho 2012 - Arena da Barra
11.00hs às 15hs
Audiodescrição, LIBRAS, Legenda em Tempo Real
Tradução Simultânea para Inglês e Espanhol
ABERTURA: Coordenadoria de Acessibilidade e Inclusão Social - CNO 
Regina Cohen - Arquiteta Dra. Núcleo Pró-Acesso UFRJ
Izabel Maior - Médica Fisiatra UFRJ, Ex-secretária Nacional dos Direitos da Pessoa com Deficiência, 
Cristiane Rose de S. Duarte - Arquiteta Dra. Núcleo Pró-Acesso/UFRJ.
PRIMEIRA MESA: Experiências, Práticas e Pesquisas
A Criação de uma Rede de Acessibilidade em Museus - RAM - 15min
Virgínia Kastrupp - Psicóloga Dra. NUCC - IP/UFRJ
Isabel Portela - Museóloga Dra. - Museu da República/IBRAM
Acessibilidade no Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil - CCBB-RJ - 15 min
Felipe Capello - Educador responsável pelo Grupo de Pesquisa em Acessibilidade do Programa Educativo do CCBB/RJ.
Encontros Mulissensoriais - MAM/RJ - 15 min
Virgínia Kastrupp - Psicóloga Dra. NUCC - IP/UFRJ e Núcleo Experimental de Educação e Arte do MAM/RJ
Acessibilidade em Museus e Sítios Tombados pelo Patrimônio - 15 min
Regina Cohen - Arquiteta Dra. Núcleo Pró-Acesso - PROARQ/FAU/UFRJ
INTERVALO - 20 min

SEGUNDA MESA: Pesquisas, Experiências, Práticas e Ações
Acessibilidade e Sustentabilidade nos Museus do IBRAM - 15 min
Mario de Souza Chagas - Museólogo Dr. IBRAM e Prof. Adjunto da UNIRIO
Acessibilidade nos Museus da Fundação Roberto Marinho - Cidade do RJ - 15 min
Carlos Eduardo Braga Gomes - Produtor Executivo de Patrimônio e Cultura da FRM, responsável pela gestão dos projetos de conteúdo, museografia, acessibilidade e pelas ações de mobilização comunitária do futuro MIS/RJ. 
Turismo Acessível nas Cidades Históricas. Analisando Ouro Preto, MG - 15 min 
Natália Rodrigues de Melo, Turismóloga - UFOP, Mestranda em Arquitetura - FAU/PROARQ - UFRJ
Cristiane Duarte - Arquiteta Dra., Prof. Titular FAU/UFRJ e Núcleo Pró-Acesso UFRJ.
Investindo na Acessibilidade da Casa da Ciência da UFRJ - 15 min
Stella Savelli - Formada em Serviço Social, Especialista na Educação de Surdos e Responsável pela Acessibilidade na Casa da Ciência/UFRJ
DEBATES

Regina Cohen
Coordenação de Inclusão Social e Acessibilidade
Comitê de Organização da Conferência Rio+20
Núcleo Pró-Acesso
PROARQ/FAU/UFRJ

El 30 de Marzo 2007 el Ecuador se adhirió a la convención de las Naciones Unidas con el propósito de promover y fortalecer la protección de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad. En coherencia de estos instrumentos internacionales adoptados por el País, el 23 de mayo del 2007, se elevó a política de Estado la atención y prevención de la discapacidad, delegando su ejecución a la Vicepresidencia de la República, a través del programa "Ecuador Sin Barreras. Ecuador aprobó, en el 2008, la nueva Constitución de la República, que menciona en 21 artículos y una disposición transitoria la defensa de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad y la responsabilidad del Estado en su implementación. Con este marco legal en Junio 2001 la Vicepresidencia de la República suscribió un convenio de cooperación interinstitucional con casi todas las instituciones del Estado, para emprender conjuntamente la ejecución de la Misión solidaria Manuela Espejo y posteriormente el Programa Joaquín Gallegos Lara. La Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo es un estudio bio psico social clínico genético para estudiar y registrar georeferencialmente a todas las personas con discapacidad a escala nacional. Por su parte el programa Joaquín Gallegos Lara nace luego de que la Misión Manuela Espejo detectó los casos más críticos de personas con discapacidad física o intelectual severa que viven en un entorno de pobreza, siendo en muchas veces abandona en largas jornadas. La Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo es una cruzada sin precedentes en la historia del Ecuador; que en un primer momento fue un estudio científico - médico para determinar las causas de las discapacidades y conocer la realidad bio psico social de esta población desde los puntos de vista biológico, psicológico, social, clínico y genético, con el fin de delinear políticas de Estado reales, que abarquen múltiples áreas como salud, educación y bienestar social. Esta investigación surge ante la falta de estadísticas serias que le permitan a la administración pública tomar decisiones o planificar programas dirigidos a prevenir o atender eficientemente a las personas con discapacidad. Por primera vez en la historia del país, cientos de médicos, genetistas, psicólogos y especialistas en Salud, acompañados de militares y guías comunitarios se desplazaron a los lugares más apartados y recónditos de las diferentes provincias del Ecuador, con el fin de registrar y prestar atención médica a una población que ha permanecido marginada durante muchos años. EL DIAGNÓSTICO La Misión nació gracias al convenio suscrito entre las repúblicas de Ecuador y Cuba, donde 229 médicos especialistas cubanos y 120 ecuatorianos cumplieron con la primera fase de diagnóstico en la investigación médico-científica de las causas de las discapacidades, dando un diagnóstico completo, en áreas que en el país han tenido un incipiente desarrollo, como la genética clínica. Diariamente, los cuartetos de la Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo, integrados por especialistas en salud, guía comunitario, conductor y un militar realizaron intensas caminatas, transportándose a lomo de caballo o en canoas, para encontrar a personas con discapacidad hasta en los lugares más apartados. Desde julio del 2009 a noviembre del 2011, las brigadas de la Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo, visitaron 1´286.331 hogares en 24 provincias y 221 cantones del Ecuador, estudiando y localizando a 294.611 personas con discapacidad, quienes son atendidas de manera integral en el marco de la fase de respuesta. En el marco del estudio de la Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo se realizaron 825.576 atenciones médicas a personas con discapacidad o a familiares. Se efectuaron también 21.062 consultas de genetistas y 35.257 consultas de otros especialistas; se registraron 26.327 casos críticos, que fueron atendidos urgente y oportunamente por la red pública de Salud. Estos datos arrojan una prevalencia de 2,43% de personas con discapacidad a nivel nacional. LA FASE DE RESPUESTA Una vez identificadas las necesidades de las personas con discapacidad, en la fase de diagnóstico, la Misión Solidaria "Manuela Espejo" emprendió una fase de atención integral para llegar con ayudas técnicas (colchones y cojines anti-escaras, sillas de ruedas, especiales, para evacuar, bastones de diversos tipos, pañales, protectores de colchones, videles entre otros), atención médica, vivienda y bono de 240 dólares en caso de requerirlo, además de rehabilitación, nutrición, derechos y autoestima. Para esta fase se cuenta con brigadas que están conformadas por un especialista en salud, militar, conductor y un voluntario, quienes se encargan de entregar las ayudas técnicas en cada hogar de las personas con discapacidad. Hasta el Enero del 2012 se han entregado 265.515 ayudas técnicas a 130.254 beneficiarios. La Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo en vista de las necesidades de mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas con discapacidad impulsó también la construcción de 4.400 viviendas entre el 2010 y 2011 y se espera construir 6.000 más en el 2012. La Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo inició el proceso de entrega de las últimas 216.285 ayudas técnicas, 6000 viviendas y el monitoreo de los 14.479 beneficiarios del programa Joaquín Gallegos Lara. Este trabajo previsto para este 2012 se realizará en las provincias de Zamora, Morona, Loja, El Oro, Galápagos, Guayas y Pichincha en beneficio de 85.891 personas con discapacidad, que fueron estudiadas y atendidas por las brigadas médicas. Fuente: http://216.172.176.82/~americas/index.php/2012-06-02-15-50-02/mision-solidaria-manuela-espejo

The Vice President of the Republic of Ecuador and the World Bank have organized a continental meeting for the inclusion of people with disabilities "America Solidarity", which will be held in Quito on 11 and 12 June 2012 in Quito. 


Thirty-four countries from the Americas will attend the event, where experts and leaders in promoting the rights of disabled people in Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Spain and the United States will speak on best practices and public policies in this area. The objective of this event is to establish a continent-wide common policy on disability, to promote social inclusion of persons with disabilities. It also seeks to promote the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities United Nations. 

Ecuador's Manuela Espejo Solidarity Mission will be highlighted as one of the programs of best practice in this field.

LUNES, 11 DE JUNIO, MAÑANA
LUNES, 11 DE JUNIO, TARDE
MARTES, 12 DE JUNIO

09:00

Himno Nacional del Ecuador.

09:05 Video Vicepresidencia.
09:10 Intervención del Director de Estrategias y Operaciones del Banco Mundial para la región de América Latina y el Caribe, Pedro Alba.
09:20 Intervención del Vicepresidente de la República de Ecuador, Lenín Moreno Garcés
09:30 Inauguración  del Encuentro a cargo del Presidente Constitucional de la República de Ecuador, Rafael Correa Delgado
09:45

Accesibilidad no es inclusión - Dr. Scott Rains

10:30

Chile un solo corazón: Teletón, Motor de Unidad Nacional. (Chile) - Ximena Casajeros, Directora Ejecutiva de la Fundación Teletón.

11:00

Pausa

11:30

Plan Nacional de Gobierno - Vivir sin límites. (Brasil) - Antonio Ferreira.  Secretaría Nacional de Promoción de los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad.

MISIÓN SOLIDARIA "MANUELA ESPEJO"

 

El 30 de Marzo 2007 el Ecuador se adhirió a la convención de las Naciones Unidas con el propósito de promover y fortalecer la protección de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad.

En coherencia de estos instrumentos internacionales adoptados por el País, el 23 de mayo del 2007, se elevó a política de Estado la atención y prevención de la discapacidad, delegando su ejecución a la Vicepresidencia de la República, a través del programa "Ecuador Sin Barreras.

Ecuador aprobó, en el 2008, la nueva Constitución de la República, que menciona en 21 artículos y una disposición transitoria la defensa de los derechos de las personas con discapacidad y la responsabilidad del Estado en su implementación.

Con este marco legal en Junio 2001 la Vicepresidencia de la República suscribió un convenio de cooperación interinstitucional con casi todas las instituciones del Estado, para emprender conjuntamente la ejecución de la Misión solidaria Manuela Espejo y posteriormente el Programa Joaquín Gallegos Lara.

La Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo es un estudio bio psico social clínico genético para estudiar y registrar georeferencialmente a todas las personas con discapacidad a escala nacional. Por su parte el programa Joaquín Gallegos Lara nace luego de que la Misión Manuela Espejo detectó los casos más críticos de personas con discapacidad física o intelectual severa que viven en un entorno de pobreza, siendo en muchas veces abandona en largas jornadas.

La Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo es una cruzada sin precedentes en la historia del Ecuador; que en un primer momento fue un estudio científico - médico para determinar las causas de las discapacidades y conocer la realidad bio psico social de esta población desde los puntos de vista biológico, psicológico, social, clínico y genético, con el fin de delinear políticas de Estado reales, que abarquen múltiples áreas como salud, educación y bienestar social.

Esta investigación surge ante la falta de estadísticas serias que le permitan a la administración pública tomar decisiones o planificar programas dirigidos a prevenir o atender eficientemente a las personas con discapacidad.

Por primera vez en la historia del país, cientos de médicos, genetistas, psicólogos y especialistas en Salud, acompañados de militares y guías comunitarios se desplazaron a los lugares más apartados y recónditos de las diferentes provincias del Ecuador, con el fin de registrar y prestar atención médica a una población que ha permanecido marginada durante muchos años.

EL DIAGNÓSTICO

La Misión nació gracias al convenio suscrito entre las repúblicas de Ecuador y Cuba,  donde 229 médicos especialistas cubanos y 120 ecuatorianos cumplieron con la primera fase de diagnóstico en la investigación médico-científica de las causas de las discapacidades, dando un diagnóstico completo, en áreas que en el país han tenido un incipiente desarrollo, como la genética clínica.

Diariamente, los cuartetos de la Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo, integrados por especialistas en salud,  guía comunitario, conductor y un militar realizaron intensas caminatas, transportándose a lomo de caballo o en canoas, para encontrar a personas con discapacidad hasta en los lugares más apartados.

Desde julio del 2009 a noviembre del 2011, las brigadas de la Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo, visitaron 1´286.331 hogares en 24 provincias y 221 cantones del Ecuador, estudiando y localizando a 294.611 personas con discapacidad, quienes son atendidas  de manera integral en el marco de la fase de respuesta.

En el marco del estudio de la Misión Solidaria Manuela Espejo se realizaron 825.576 atenciones médicas a personas con discapacidad o a familiares. Se efectuaron también 21.062 consultas de genetistas y 35.257 consultas de otros especialistas; se registraron 26.327 casos críticos, que fueron atendidos urgente y oportunamente por la red pública de Salud. Estos datos arrojan una prevalencia de 2,43% de personas con discapacidad a nivel nacional.

ACCIONES A LAS QUE SE COMPROMETEN LOS MINISTERIOS QUE PARTICIPAN EN LA FASE DE RESPUESTA

El 15 de noviembre de 2009, 14 ministerios e instituciones firmaron un acuerdo con la Vicepresidencia de la República con el fin de coordinar acciones y programas para ayudar a las personas con discapacidad identificadas por la Misión Solidaria "Manuela Espejo", en el marco de la fase de respuesta.

El Ministerio Coordinador de Desarrollo Social propiciará políticas públicas que permitan la creación de un Sistema Nacional de Prevención de las Discapacidades, con el fin de cambiar la realidad de exclusión que vive esta población.

El Ministerio de Inclusión Económica y Social se compromete a ejecutar programas para proteger y propiciar el desarrollo de las personas con discapacidad.

La Secretaria de Pueblos, Movimientos Sociales y Participación Ciudadana buscará consolidar los programas sociales con el apoyo de contrapartes comunitarias.

SENPLADES incluirá dentro del plan de desarrollo del Estado las actividades programadas por las diferentes instituciones en la segunda fase de la Misión Manuela Espejo.

El Ministerio de Economía transferirá los recursos de manera prioritaria, con el fin de cumplir con la planificación de las distintas instituciones.

El Ministerio de Defensa apoyará las tareas logísticas, así como el almacenamiento, transportación y distribución de las ayudas requeridas por las personas con discapacidad.

El Registro Civil desarrollará un plan de cedulación de las personas con discapacidad, ya sea en operaciones colectivas o en visitas por hogares.

El CONADIS carnetizará a todas las personas con discapacidad identificadas en la Misión Manuela Espejo, información que servirá para la calificación médica de la discapacidad que realiza el Ministerio de Salud.

El Ministerio de Salud realizará un seguimiento de casos de personas con discapacidad, proporcionándoles atención médica en todas las unidades bajo su administración, priorizando los casos críticos.

El Ministerio de Vivienda construirá y reparará viviendas de personas con discapacidad identificadas por la Misión, en condiciones críticas. Además, facilitará la entrega de bonos de vivienda e incluirá en la planificación arquitectónica criterios de accesibilidad.

El Ministerio de Relaciones Laborales se compromete a desarrollar estrategias de auto sustentabilidad, centros de empleo, programas de capacitación e inclusión laboral para las personas identificadas por la Misión Manuela Espejo.

El Ministerio de Educación promoverá la escolarización de las personas con discapacidad identificadas en la Misión Manuela Espejo y su capacitación.

El Ministerio de Industrias se compromete a respaldar el desarrollo de microempresas y la creación de emprendimientos productivos para las personas con discapacidad y sus familias.

Correos del Ecuador apoyará las actividades operáticas de entrega y distribución de ayudas requeridas, además de permitir el uso de sus canales para facilitar la distribución de material informativo.

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