Tourism & Ethics

The World Trade Organization developed an Code of Ethics in 2001. The following is an exceprt from the WTO site:

Developed after extensive research and several years of consultation it reflects general declarations of the UN system on society, interdependence, social inclusion & human rights, as well as the mandate given to the World Tourism Organization (WTO) by the UN Commission on Sustainable Development to lead the sector's sustainable development crusade.
It sets out broad principles for responsive and responsible development of sustainable tourism.

— A guidance for all stakeholders, direct and indirect, public, private and civil society
— As a mechanism to encourage strategic policy, legislation and regulatory integration at international, regional, national and local community levels.
— As a vehicle to frame WTO's work, in its relations with the sector and other bodies shaping the global tourism marketplace.

The preamble underscores the compatibility of the "wise growth" of tourism with the prudent advance of the market economy, setting the basis for "liberalization with a human face" in the sector as a driver of overall sustainable development.

The key Articles of the Code cover:

1. Tourism contributing to societal understanding and mutual respect
2. Tourism as a vehicle for individual and collective fulfilment
3. Tourism promoting sustainable development
4. Tourism, a user of the cultural heritage of mankind and a contributor to its enhancement
5. Tourism, a beneficial activity for host countries and communities"
6. Obligations of stakeholders in tourism development
7. The human right to tourism and travel
8. The liberty of tourist movements
9. The rights of workers and entrepreneurs in the tourism industry

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